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10 Common Learning Myths That Might Be Holding You Back | InformED

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https://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/features/10-common-learning-myths-might-holding-back/

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10 Common Learning Myths That Might Be Holding You Back | InformED
Science is constantly changing, and although we've come a long way since the days when it was widely believed that older people couldn't learn new things, a number of learning myths have stood the test of time despite having no grounding in scientific research. Tom Bennett-teacher, author, and director of ResearchED-points out that there are...

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Re-reading and highlighting

Both of these study strategies are relatively ineffective. Passively reading the same text over and over again won’t do much for recall unless it’s spaced out over time. 

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Different learning styles

Systematic studies of learning styles have consistently found no evidence or very weak evidence to support the idea that matching the material to a student’s learning style is more effective.

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Right or left-brained

There is no conclusive evidence that people preferentially use the left or right hemisphere.

Certain functions are processed more by one region of the brain than others, and this is k...

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The 10,000-hour rule

There’s no magic number of hours that will turn you into an expert .

A Princeton study found that deliberate practice can only predict success in fields with stable structures whe...

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Sticking with your first answer

One study found that 75 % of college students and 55 % of instructors believe that changing their initial answer wou...

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Intelligence as a fixed trait

A growing body of research shows that our IQ can increase over time, and in fact, research on growth mindset by Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck shows that our beliefs about intelligence...

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Praising intelligence

Research on the growth mindset by Carol Dweck found that praise can actually be counterproductive and discourage people from taking risks.

Dweck’s research shows that praising effort and ...

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10 % of our brain

The theory stating that we only use 10 % of our brain is an urban legend. It seems to have originated from the 1930s self-help book “How to win frie...

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The learning pyramid

The theory says that people remember 10 % of what they read, 20 % of what they hear, 30 % of what they see, 50 % of what they see and hear, 70 % of what they say and write, and 90 % of what they do...

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Shortcuts to better learning

Despite all the learning fads that have come and gone, from mindfulness to brain training games and exercises, learning is and will always be a process. It requires time and effort and is bound ...

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SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Styles of learning

The concept of learning styles--such as visual versus verbal or active versus reflective--is commonplace, but it turns out that there is little evidence to ...

Right-brained or left-brained

Research doesn’t strongly support this concept of the lateral brain--or that people have a dominant side of the brain that dictates how we learn.  

Even in simple actions, both hemispheres of the brain are engaged. 

"Exercises" that will make you smarter

"One minute playing Mozart will make your baby a genius, the next crosswords will fend off your mental decline"... The research behind these claims is weak. 

Learning methods are not so much based upon how the brain is structured, but based upon our experiences. Our experiences do affect brain development. The wiring of the brain depends upon the experiences we have.

The critical window of childhood

The critical window of childhood

There is an assumption that in the first years of life the vast majority of the brain’s development occurs, and after this period, the trajectory of human development is more or less fixed.&...

The idle-brain theory

Irrespective of what a person is doing, the entire brain is generally active and, depending on the task, some areas are more active than others. 

People can always learn new ideas and new skills, not by tapping into some unused part of the brain, but by forming new or stronger connections between nerve cells.

The left/right brain hypothesis

The theory that most people are either dominantly analytical (and left-brained) or creative (and right-brained) is false.

The two hemispheres of the brain are linked and communicate extensively together; they do not work in isolation. 

Recent studies suggest that engaging all the senses in a variety of ways (for instance, audiovisual and tactile) can help employees retain new content.

A growth mindset is a desirable thing to have...

...so many people declare they have it:

  • If they are open minded and flexible, they said they have it
  • If they are kind to people, they said they have it 

But a&nb...

The growth mindset

...is the belief that your abilities can be improved through effort. 

And this means you can get better and hard work pays off.

Tips for encouraging a growth mindset (in yourself and in others):

  • Don’t praise ability or intelligence: That promotes a fixed mindset. Compliment effort, process and choices.
  • Don’t ignore outcome, tie it to effort: You can be happy about success, but attribute it to effort.
  • Respond positively to failure: Failure isn’t bad, it’s a tool for improving.
  • Don’t just say “Try hard.” Set goals: Blind repetition doesn’t work. 
  • Practice a Growth mindset in all areas of life: There’s no area where they cannot improve with hard work.
  • Share your own Growth mindset efforts: Practice it yourself and share your results.