Stanford researchers reveal how to study more effectively | The Stanford Daily - Deepstash
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Stanford researchers reveal how to study more effectively | The Stanford Daily

“It’s not merely about using a greater number of resources for studying. The important point here is using resources more effectively,”

How They Did It

Stanford researchers asked students to reflect on specific strategies to improve their performance and investigated the direct causal effect of this self-reflection.

Experimental and Control Groups

They divided the students into two groups: the experimental and control.

Experimental Group

What they had to do:

  • They had to explain what they thought would be on the exam and which resources they thought were most useful to help them study for the expected questions.
  • They were also asked how they planned to use these resources to prepare and...

Control Group

They only received a standard exam reminder.

The Results

  • Across two studies, students receiving the intervention performed significantly better than those in the control group on the same exam; on average, their grades increased by one-third of a letter grade.
  • Students also reported higher levels of empowermen...

Information is the Problem

Although many schools attempt to shower students with more money and information to improve performance, the authors argue that too many resources can actually be a hindrance to intentional studying and strong performances.

“Actively self-reflecting on the approaches that you are taking fosters a strategic stance that is really important in life,”

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