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Autism spectrum disorder - Symptoms and causes

Autism spectrum disorder - Symptoms and causes

mayoclinic.org

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What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term "spectrum" in autism spec...

Autism Characteristics

Autism spectrum disorder begins in early childhood and eventually causes problems functioning in society — socially, in school and at work, for example. Often children show symptoms of autism within the first year. A small number of children appear to develop normally in the first year, and then ...

Social Communication and Interactions With Autism

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have problems with social interaction and communication skills, including any of these signs:

  • Fails to respond to his or her name
  • Resists cuddling and holding, and retreating into his or her own world
  • Has poor eye conta...

Patterns Of Behavior In Autism

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have limited, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities, including any of these signs:

  • Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand flapping

Causes Of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder has no single known cause. Given the complexity of the disorder, and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are probably many causes. Both genetics and environment may play a role.

  • Genetics. Several different genes appear to be involve...

Risks Related To Autism

The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder is rising. It's not clear whether this is due to better detection and reporting or a real increase in the number of cases, or both.

  • Your child's sex. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ASD

Complications With Autism

Problems with social interactions, communication and behavior can lead to:

  • Problems in school and with successful learning
  • Employment problems
  • Inability to live independently
  • Social isolation
  • Stress within the family
  • Victimization and being...

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