The 6 Types of Basic Emotions and Their Effect on Human Behavior - Deepstash
Basic Emotions

There are many different types of emotions that have an influence on how we live and interact with others. 

The choices we make, the actions we take, and the perceptions we have are all influenced by the emotions we are experiencing at any given moment.

During the 1970's, pyschologist Paul Eckman identified six bacis emotions that he suggested were universally experienced in all human cultures.

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Combined emotions

Emotions can be combined to form different feelings, much like colors can be mixed to create other shades.

The more basic emotions act something like building blocks. More complex, sometimes mixed emotions, are blendings of these more basic ones. For example, basic emotions such as joy and trust can be combined to create love.

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Happiness

Happiness tends to be the one emotion that everyone strives for the most. Happiness is often defined as a pleasent emotional state that is characterized by feelings of contentment: joy, gratification, statisfaction, and well being.

This type of emotion is sometimes expressed through:

  • Facial expressions: such as smiling
  • body language: such as a relaxed stance
  • tone of voice: an upbeat, pleasent way of speaking

While happiness is considered one the basic emotions the things we think will create happiness tend to be heavily influenced by culture.

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Sadness

Sadness is another type of emotion often defined as a transient emotional state characterized by feelings of: dissapointment, grief, hopelesness, disintresst, and dampened mood.

Like other emotions sadness is something that we all experience from time to time, in some cases, people can experience prolonged and severe periods of sadness that can turn into depression.

Sadness can be expressed in a number of ways:

  • Crying
  • Dampened mood
  • Lethargy
  • Quietness
  • Withdrawal from others

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Fear

Fear is a powerfull emotion that can also play an important role in survival. When you face some sort of danger and experience fear, you go through what is known as the fight or flight response.

This response helps ensure that you are prepared to effectively deal with threats in your environment. Expressions of this type of emotion can include:

  • Facial expressions: such as widening the eyes and pulling back the chin
  • Body language: attempts to hide or flea from the threat
  • Physiological reactions: such as rapid breathing and heartbeat

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Disgust

Disgust is another of the original six basic emotions. Disgust can be displayed in a nuber of ways including:

  • Body language: turning away from the object of disgust
  • Physical reactions: such as vomiting or retching
  • Facial expressions: such as wrinkling the nose and curling the upper lip

This sense of revulsion can originate from a number of things, including an unpleasant taste, sight, or smell. This may be the body's way of avoiding things that may carry transmittable diseases.

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Anger

Anger can be a particularly powerful emotion characterized by feelings of hostility, agitation, frustration, and antagonism towards others. Like fear, anger can play a part in your body's fight or flight response.

Anger is often displayed through:

  • Facial expressions: such as frowning or glaring
  • Body language: such as taking a strong stance or turning away
  • Tone of voice: such as speaking gruffly or yelling
  • Physiological responses: such as sweating or turning red
  • Aggressive behaviors: such as hitting, kicking, or throwing objects

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While anger is often thought of as a negative emotion, it can sometimes be a good thing. It can be constructive in helping clarify your needs in a relationship, and it can also motivate you to take action and find solutions to things that are bothering you.

Anger can become a problem, however, when it is excessive or expressed in ways that are unhealthy, dangerous, or harmful to others. Uncontrolled anger can quickly turn to aggression, abuse, or violence.

this emotion can have both mental en physical consequences.

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Suprise

Suprise is another one of the six basic types of human emotions. suprise is usually quite brief and unexpected. This type of emotion can be positive, negative, or neutral. suprize is often characterized by:

  • Facial expressions: such as raising the brows, widening the eyes, and opening the mouth
  • Physical responses: such as jumping back
  • Verbal reactions: such as yelling, screaming, or gasping

Surprise is another type of emotion that can trigger the fight or flight response.

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The six basic emotions are just an portion of the many different types of emotions that people are capable of expriencing.

Here are some other emotions:

  • Amusement
  • Contempt
  • Contentment
  • Embarrassment
  • Excitement
  • Guilt
  • Pride in achievement
  • Relief
  • Satisfaction
  • Shame

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