Why Should We Be Good? - Quillette - Deepstash

The belief that nothing is morally right or wrong(moral nihilism), and the belief that morals are culture-specific(cultural relativism) seems to be in retreat everywhere. There are 2 motivations fo...

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Why Should We Be Good? - Quillette

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David Hume

David Hume observed that we can never move readily from scientifically understanding facts about the world to determining what values people should hold to. It became clear that ju...

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Immanuel Kant And The Meta-Ethical Problem

Immanuel Kant said that a human being’s innate practical reason gives rise to a universal set of “moral laws” which any rational person knows they must follow. 

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Henry Sidgwick and the Profoundest Problem in Ethics

Sidgwick argued that it is happiness that we should take as the motivation for being good. So if happiness was what was intrinsically good, we must, at times, even put our own desi...

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The Self and Self-Interest is What Matters

This claim argues that we have no ethical obligation to act well beyond what makes us personally happy or satisfied. This seems extremely close to making ethics purely subjective.&...

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Naturalism and Human Nature

This claim(adopted by authors like Sam Harris) argues that we should use the tools of modern science to assess what human beings want and what their characteristics are, for instance, by lookin...

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The Independent Existence of Value

The final claim is that the values that ‘matter’ in some sense exist independently of us. In this view, ethical values are rather like a mathematical formula. Human beings bring them into existence...

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