5 Key Components of Emotional Intelligence - Deepstash
Self-awareness

To become self-aware, you must be capable of monitoring your own emotions, recognizing different emotional reactions, and then correctly identifying each particular emotion. Self-aware individuals also recognize the relationships between the things they feel and how they behave.

How to improve self-awareness:

  • Ask for constructive feedback
  • Keep a journal
  • Learn new skills
  • Meditate
  • Pay attention to your thoughts and emotions
  • Pursue your passions
  • Practice mindfulness
  • Reflect on your experiences
  • Set goals
  • Use positive self-talk
  • Work on building a growth mindset

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Self regulation

In addition to being aware of your own emotions and the impact you have on others, emotional intelligence requires you to be able to regulate and manage your emotions.

How to improve self-regulation:

  • Be mindful of your thoughts and feelings.
  • Build distress tolerance skills.
  • Find ways to manage difficult emotions.
  • Look at challenges as opportunities.
  • Practice your communication skills.
  • Recognize that you have a choice in how you respond.
  • Use cognitive reframing to change thought patterns and emotional responses.
  • Work on accepting your emotions.

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Social skils

True emotional understanding involves more than just understanding your own emotions and those of others. You also need to be able to put this information to work in your daily interactions and communications.

How to improve social skills:

  • Ask open-ended questions.
  • Find icebreakers that will help start conversations.
  • Notice other people's social skills.
  • Practice good eye contact.
  • Practice your social skills.
  • Practice active listening.
  • Show interest in others.
  • Watch your body language.

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Empathy

Empathy, or the ability to understand how others are feeling, is absolutely critical to emotional intelligence. But it involves more than just being able to recognize the emotional states of others.

How to build empathy:

  • Be willing to share your own feelings.
  • Engage in a cause such as a community project.
  • Listen to other people.
  • Practice loving-kindness meditation.
  • Talk to new people.
  • Try to imagine yourself in someone else's place.

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Motivation

Intrinsic motivation is another important emotional intelligence skill. People who are emotionally intelligent are motivated by things beyond external rewards like fame, money, recognition, and acclaim.

How to improve motivation:

  • Avoid overusing extrinsic rewards.
  • Celebrate your results.
  • Focus on setting small, measurable goals.
  • Introduce challenges to keep things interesting.
  • Set goals to help build intrinsic motivation.
  • Work with a friend or co-worker to find accountability.

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