Roman law | Influence, Importance, Principles, & Facts - Deepstash

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Roman law | Influence, Importance, Principles, & Facts

britannica.com

Roman law - the basis for law codes of most countries

Roman law of ancient Rome has affected the development of law in most Western civilisation and parts of the East.

It is the foundation for law codes of most countries of continental Europe (civil law) and derivative systems elsewhere.

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  • Civil law (jus civile) developed during the Roman republic (753-31 BCE). The law was based on custom or legislation and applied only to Roman citizens. Foreigners had no rights unless they were protected by some treaty between their state an...

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The Romans divided their law into written and unwritten law. 

  • Written law (jus scriptum) means laws gathered from legislation and laws based on a written source.
  • Unwritten law (jus non scriptum) means custom.

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  1. The first consisted of leges or enactments of one of the assemblies of the whole Roman people.
  2. The dicta (edicts) or proclamations were issued by a superior magistrate (praetor) on judicial matters.
  3. The senat...

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