The Supreme Court Of The United States is the final expositor(an entity explaining complicated ideas or theories) of the U.S. Constitution and also the final court of appeal.
It was created by the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and formally established after the Judiciary act of 1789. It serves mostly as an appellate court, where decisions are sent for appeal, hoping for a reversal.
The Supreme Court has exclusive discretion over its caseload and hears about a hundred cases per term, which begins on the first Monday of October and ends in late June.
It receives about 7000 review requests over decisions each year, called certiorari requests, which at least four justices go through.
The decision-making process is first made in secret voting, and then the official decision is issued.
Executive administrative and judicial actions by the Congress and the State are subject to be reviewed by the court, through the process of judicial review. The Supreme Court has nullified state laws and regulations that were unconstitutional or discriminatory.
There are various clauses and amendments, like the Fifth Amendment or the Fourteenth Amendment that have been used to protect people and companies against repressive or draconian acts of the government.
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