Cinematography: Understanding Lighting in Film - Deepstash
Lighting techniques essential in filmmaking

Lighting techniques set the scene of a film. Cinematic lighting creates depth, drama and atmosphere, direct the audience's eye to a specific element, such as an actor or prop, ...

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Cinematography: Understanding Lighting in Film

thefilmpost.medium.com

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Three-point lighting is most commonly used
  • The key light is the strongest and brightest light source. Therefore, it makes the strongest shadows.
  • Fill light _"fills in" th...

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Hard or harsh lighting

Hard or harsh lighting uses smaller light sources to cast large, crisp shadows on the subject while increasing the contrast. The effect is a dramatic, suspenseful atmosphere that e...

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Soft or diffused lighting

Soft lighting is created by using larger light sources further from the subject and in a scene with many fill lights. The lights illuminate the whole frame instead...

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Other lighting techniques
  • Side lighting. It illuminates the contours of the face and increases contrast for a dramatic effect.
  • Bounce lighting. A reflector is used to bounc...

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Colour
  • Warm lighting creates red, yellow or orange tones. It evokes a sense of comfort, warmth, happiness and is often used in romance or teen dramas.
  • Cool lighti...

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Lighting for characters

Lighting can help to reveal a personality or emotions.

  • Under lighting. The light shines from under the character's face and creates a creepy effect.

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