Do your have gap in between your teeth ? Here's why

The space between two front teeth in upper jaw is termed as midline diastema. Diastema means 'interval' in Greek.

When the space (or gap) becomes greater than 0.5mm between the middle-front two teeth in the upper jaw- it is called midline diastema. 

One may be self-conscious about having a space between their teeth. However, a diastema also can affect speech especially “s” and “th’.

In France, the teeth present on both sides of spacing are called as Dents Du Bonheur or ”Lucky teeth”!

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Midline Diastema – Causes and Treatment Options

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Most common causes of diastema:
  1. Genetic and familial history
  2. During teeth development
  3.  Abnormal frenum: High attachment of labial frenum (fold of the mucous membrane connecting the lip to upper jaw).
  4. Tooth – arch length discrepancy: with missing teeth, small size teeth, peg shaped lateral incisors,large jaw size
  5. Habits: Habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting can cause proclination of teeth resulting in spacing
  6.  Midline pathology: cysts, tumors and odontomes
  7.  Treamemt related
  8.  Imperfect fusion of bones at the midline

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Few treatments you can consider
  1. If your lateral incisors are too small, your dentist may suggest crowns and veneers
  2. If you have missing teeth, you might need dental implants, a bridge or a partial denture.
  3. If the gap is due to gum disease, then periodontal treatment is necessary
  4. Pathological causes like extra teeth, midline soft tissue anomalies can be removed surgically and spaces are closed orthodontically.
  5. Oral habits such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting should be corrected before closure of the space.

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