What Is Self-Knowledge in Psychology? Examples & Theories - Deepstash

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What Is Self-Knowledge in Psychology? Examples & Theories

positivepsychology.com

Self-knowledge in psychology

In psychology, self-knowledge is accurate information one possesses about oneself.

This includes knowledge about our emotional state, personality traits, relationships, opinions, beliefs, values, needs, goals, preferences, social identity and behavioural patterns.

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  • The physical world. It is limited to physical information about ourselves such as height and weight.
  • Social comparisons with others who are better off and worse off than us.
  • Reflected appraisals. We see ourselves reflected th...

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  • Knowing oneself helps with realistic decision-making, such as life partner choices, education and career, and where to live.
  • It helps to form our understanding of others.
  • It helps to make sense of experiences.
  • It helps with proactive responses instead of reactivity.

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  • Self-knowledge includes honest self-assessment that can lead to positive changes.
  • Self-knowledge leads to a meaningful narrative of our lives and a sense of continuity.
  • Knowing ourselves helps us live consistent and fulfilling lives, help to understand our basic motivations, ...

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  • Blind spots. These are unconscious processes that prevent us from self-knowledge.
  • Self-deception. In this state, we believe our wishful thinking.
  • Conflict triggers. These are others' words or actions that are perceived as off...

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Self-knowledge is information about subjective tendencies, for example, our emotional state or behavioural patterns.

Self-awareness is awareness about our moods or thoughts about that mood. It is the path toward self-knowledge.

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  • Sheldon Stryker states that identity is a part of one's self that is evoked while interacting with other people.
  • Self-concept is the image we develop about ourselves. It may or may not be based on reality.
  • Self-knowledge come...

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  1. Unmediated observation model - We get self-knowledge through our thoughts, separate from outside knowledge.
  2. Transparency model - Reflecting and then deciding for yourself about the state of the world.
  3. Social constructionism -...

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