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9 Olympic moments that changed history

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https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/07/9-olympic-moments-that-changed-history/

weforum.org

9 Olympic moments that changed history
The Olympics are most commonly associated with sporting excellence, but the history of the Games is also littered with moments of great cultural, political, and socio-economic significance. From the first female athletes and the birth of the Paralympics, to black rights and terror in Munich, here are some of the key moments in the history of the greatest event in sports.

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Female athletes

Female athletes

The first time women took part in the Olympic events was at the 1900 Games in Paris. Back then, women were allowed to compete in five sports: tennis, sailing, croquet, equestrianis...

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Jessie Owens defies Adolf Hitler

The 1936 Summer Olympics in Nazi Germany were supposed to demonstrate the Aryan racial supremacy. But Jesse Owens, a black athlete, won gold in the 100m, 200m, the 4 x 100m relay, and the l...

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A landmark for disabled athletes

A landmark for disabled athletes

In 1948, UK neurologist Sir Ludwig Guttman, who worked with war veterans suffering from spinal injuries, added sport into his patients' rehabilitation program.

Others started copying Gu...

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Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Ali, first called Cassius Clay, won Olympic gold in Rome in 1960.

Back in the US, when Clay was refused service in a whites-only restaurant, he threw his Olympic medal into a ...

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Black Power salute in Mexico, 1968

At the Mexico Games in 1968, African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos won gold and bronze in the 200m sprint respectively.

During their medal ceremony, they raised their f...

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Terror in Munich

During the 1972 Games in Munich, a Palestinian terrorist group Black September took hostage and killed 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team, shattering the image of international cooperation and ...

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African nations boycott 1976 Games

25 Countries staged a boycott of the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal. They were outraged that New Zealand, whose rugby team had toured South Africa in the year despite the country being under aparth...

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Cathy Freeman unites Australia

Cathy Freeman unites Australia

Australian athlete Cathy Freeman, one of 11 Aboriginals in the host nation's team, was under pressure to perform in the Sydney Games in 2000. It was hoped her performance could help promote the...

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North and South Korea briefly unite

The North Korean and South Korean teams marched as one at the opening ceremony of the 2000 Games in Sydney.

Female basketball player Chung Un Soon from South Korea, and Par...

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