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Anthropology vs. Sociology: What's the Difference?

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https://www.thoughtco.com/anthropology-vs-sociology-4685772

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Anthropology vs. Sociology: What's the Difference?
The debate between anthropology vs. sociology is a matter of perspectives of human behavior. The first examines culture at the micro-level, while the second focuses on larger group dynamics.

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Anthropology

It is the study of humans and the ways they live. The goal is to understand human diversity and cultural differences. The four primary sub-fields:

  • Archeology focuses o...

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Sociology

It studies the ways groups of people interact with each other and how their behavior is influenced by social structures, categories, and institutions. It has many tenets:

    ...

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Anthropology and sociology careers 

Anthropology and sociology degrees can lead to a career as a teacher, public sector employee, or academic. The degree can be a stepping stone to a career in politics, public administration, or law....

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Social structure

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There usually is a hierarchy to these relationships, which results in a power differential. The organization and operation of these social institutions result in other aspects of social structure, including socio-economic stratification.

The Meso Level

The meso level can be seen in the social networks that are organized by social institutions and institutionalized social relationships.

Our social networks also show up in social stratification, where relations are structured by class differences, differences in educational attainment, and differences in levels of wealth. In turn, it may shape the kinds of opportunities available and foster behavioral norms that determine the direction of our lives.

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Describing culture

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The anthropological conception of culture is the most productive terrain for cultural relativism. For example, some societies have a clear-cut gender and racial division, while others do not.

Studying culture raises difficult questions

To study culture, you have to distance yourself from it, which means the only way to study a culture is by not sharing it. The study of culture ask difficult questions about human nature:

  • To what extend can you really understand yourself?
  • To what extent can a society assess its own practices?
  • What grounds does the anthropologist have to better understand the dynamics of a society than the members of the society themselves?