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How do we protect ourselves at home during quarantine, and what if someone has been exposed? 4 questions answered

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http://theconversation.com/how-do-we-protect-ourselves-at-home-during-coronavirus-and-what-if-someone-has-been-exposed-4-questions-answered-133992

theconversation.com

How do we protect ourselves at home during quarantine, and what if someone has been exposed? 4 questions answered
Editor's note: As coronavirus spreads through the country, states have closed schools and nonessential businesses and prohibited group gatherings. This leaves most of us at home, but many of us live in close quarters with other people.

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The Infectious Disease Spreads

As a Pandemic spreads across the world, countries have initiated lockdowns, closing schools and non-essential businesses, leaving most of us at home.


Protecting Ourselves From...

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Elders

Elders and anyone with a compromised immune system have to be taken care of by limiting direct contact with them while making sure any contact is done after thoroughly washing the hands. One can st...

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Being With An Exposed Person

Infected people are initially unable to realize they are, in fact, infected, as there are no symptoms. Yet they are spreading the infection to others silently.


    ...

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Handling An Infected Family Member

It is crucial to protect yourself while taking care of the sick family member, and immediate isolation of the sick person is mandatory.

  • Only one person can be assigned to take care of ...

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Six Feet Apart

In case one is not able to put the sick family member in a separate room, one should maintain a six feet distance at least, and everyone should wear a mask. Hand-washing and cleani...

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SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Wash Your Hands

The best way to lower your risk of contracting the new virus is to wash your hands after you cough, sneeze, touch your face, and when you leave and return from the grocery store.

It's also i...

To Keep Yourself Virus-Free

  • Wash your hands.
  • Stay home if you can.
  • If you're coughing or sneezing, wear a protective mask.
  • First clean, then disinfect your home.
  • Target high-touch surfaces daily.

Disinfectants

The EPA has a full list of disinfectants that will kill the new virus.

Disinfectant that will work is disinfecting wipes, disinfectant spray, Isopropyl alcohol, and hydrogen peroxide.

If you cannot find store-bought disinfectants, you can make a disinfectant spray with 4 teaspoons household bleach mixed with 1-quart water into a spray bottle. To use, spray on the surface, wait for 10 minutes and wipe away with a wet cloth. Don't mix bleach with another cleaning chemical.

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The rule of '6 feet apart'

The rule of '6 feet apart'

This rules appeared because recent research has shown that respiratory droplets can travel around 6 feet. 

However, while we cannot be absolutely sure that this distance will stop the sp...

Social distancing made more attractive

In order to better handle the current situation, experts recommend going out for walks or exercise at off-hours and alone, if possible.

If you really want to spend time with your friend or neighbor, just make sure to keep the 6 feet apart rule and everything should be alright. Remember the further away, the better.

The exception to the rule

Everybody knows or, at least, should know by now the rule of the 6 feet apart. This distance is recommended in the current period, in order to slow down the spread of the virus. 

However, one exception to these rules refers to public gatherings, which usually take place in parks or on beaches: gatherings that imply more than ten people are overall to be avoided, even if the recommended distance can be kept.

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Outbreak terms

  • Endemic is a disease that regularly infects humans, like the flu.
  • Pandemic is a worldwide spread of a new disease. 
  • Epidemic

Public health measures

  • Social distancing is a slew of tactics meant to keep people at a six feet distance from each other to keep droplets from an infected person's nose or mouth from landing on another person.
  • Quarantine is restricting the movement of, or isolating, people who might have been exposed to an infection but who aren't sick.
  • Isolation is separating people with confirmed or probable infections from other healthy people.
  • Lockdown is a term used by public health officials or lawyers to refer to anything from mandatory geographic quarantine to non-mandatory recommendations to shelter in place, to anything in between.
  • Cordon sanitaire is the restriction of movement in and out of a region or city.
  • Shelter in place is an order requesting people to stay at home, except for trips to the grocery store, pharmacies, and other essential errands.

Medical equipment

  • A ventilator is a machine that assists a patient in breathing when they have trouble breathing on their own.
  • PPE (Personal protective equipment), such as masks, gloves, face shields, and other gear that keeps health care workers from catching an infection.
  • A respirator is a face mask that seals around the mouth and filters out particles from the air before they are breathed in.
  • Surgical mask or face mask are loose-fitting masks that don't filter out all the particles but stop a wearer from spreading droplets of contagion when they sneeze or cough.

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