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On Critical Thinking

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https://hedgehogreview.com/blog/thr/posts/on-critical-thinking

hedgehogreview.com

On Critical Thinking
The Hedgehog Review is published three times per year by the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture. In keeping with the Institute's own mission and vision, the journal is concerned with issues of contemporary cultural change and its individual and social consequences.

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Critical thinkers need the knowledge first

Employers need critical thinkers, but they cannot find them.

Focussing on knowledge only in college does not seem to help. Neither does it help to only focus on intellectual and cognitive sk...

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The focus of skills over knowledge

Considering the K-12 system, we see that the emphasis on skills over content has changed the curriculum. Students increasingly focus on learning skills, but they may not learn too much history or s...

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Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is a disciplined activity. It is not something we can acquire without intensive study and practice, nor can we isolate it from knowledge. Knowledge is foundational to provide the ...

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Six levels of critical thinkers

Six levels of critical thinkers

Researchers identified six predictable levels of critical thinkers:

  • The unreflective thinker
  • The challenged thinker
  • The beginner thinker
  • The practicing think...

The Unreflective Thinker

These are people who don't reflect on thinking nor consider the consequences of not thinking. Their prejudices and misconceptions lead them.

They do not consistently apply standards like accuracy, relevance, precision, and logic.

The Challenged Thinker

People at this intellectual stage are aware of the importance of thinking and know that the lack of thinking can result in major issues.

  • They acknowledge that their own mental processes might have many flaws but are unable to identify all the weaknesses.
  • They may spot some instances of their own self-deception.
  • They may have a sense that proper thinking involves navigating assumptions, inferences, and points of view, but only on a basic level.

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72% of employers

...feel that critical thinking is key to their organization’s success.

But only half of those surveyed said their employees actually show this skill.

Traits employers seek in critical thinkers

  • They read between the lines: they cross-examine evidence and logical argument;
  • They dig deeper;
  • They're skeptical: they don't jump on the first good idea they find;
  • They come prepared: they know that real problems occur and are agile enough to find ways to solve them creatively.