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Science-backed methods to keep in mind when you're learning new things

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https://www.freecodecamp.org/news/science-backed-methods-to-keep-in-mind-when-youre-learning-new-things-34c00b35cbf/

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Science-backed methods to keep in mind when you're learning new things
by Yash Chavan Science-backed methods to keep in mind when you're learning new things Photo by Alexis Brown [https://unsplash.com/photos/omeaHbEFlN4?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText] on Unsplash [https://unsplash.com/search/photos/learn?utm_source=unsplash&utm_medium=referral&utm_content=creditCopyText] As a curious person, I constantly find myself reading and learning about new things. So I picked up this book A Mind for Numbers by Barbara Oakley [https://ba

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Just start, break the initial barrier

Every task has a certain Activation Energy (AE), where you initiate certain steps in order to start a task.

Reducing the Activation Energy of new habits you want to form will make it i...

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Practice chunking

A memory chunk is a solid connection in your mind that relates various bits and pieces of information. 

Focus on the concept you want to form a chunk of. Write down the basic idea...

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Learn, Practice, Recall — Repeat

Just forming chunks is not sufficient. You have to maintain them. The more you look after the chunks, the longer they last.

While reviewing material, recall it instead of just reading it pass...

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Take it easy

Whenever you face a problem, take a break. Sleep. Clean your room. Do anything except work on the problem. 

This takes your brain into its “diffuse mode” — this mode works on the ...

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Understand your procrastination

Understand your procrastination

A procrastinator is a person who has a HABIT of getting distracted by things.

Break this habit by eliminating distractions. Another option is the Cue-Routine where you take notice what...

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Set an ending time for tasks

Parkinson’s second law: Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion.

Setting a micro deadline for daily tasks holds your brain accountable to the tick of the clock...

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Use visual and spatial memories

The #1 thing you need to do to correctly memorize concepts is understand them. To successfully understand something, visualizing it is key. 

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Use metaphors and stories

Metaphors will help you understand and recall more easily. 

You take something obvious from your memory, and see how it is related to the new concept you are trying to learn. ...

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Learn what you want

People learn when they are self-motivated, not when someone comes in front of them for four hours a week, and tells something to them.

Start learning what you want, since that is what ...

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Intersection of skills

Transfer learning is the ability to take what you learn in one domain and apply it to a new skill.

Learn to apply old skills to new skills and vice versa.

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Sleep

Lack of sleep affects memory and recall. 

Sleep helps your brain get into the diffuse mode and thus gets creative ideas about your ongoing projects cooking.

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Learning how to learn

Learning how to learn is a meta-skill. It is a critical skill for everyone who needs to pick up and master new concepts frequently.

Understanding what is learning and how our memory works wil...

Learning skills

Learning how to learn is critical for everyone. Most of us have to deal with a changing world and to learn how to manage tons of new information.

However, most of our learning methods are outdated and far from optimal. It may even be giving us an illusion of learning, like re-reading and highlighting that don't provide proper feedback to show what you haven't learned.

Focused and Diffuse Mode

Focused and diffuse modes provide two models for how we develop, elaborate, deepen and broaden connections. Both methods are important.

  • The focused mode of learning is about bringing related concepts together into a unit, called a chunk. 
  • The diffuse mode operates through a wider net of connecting general ideas across different fields. We use this diffuse mode while we sleep, exercise or daydream.

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Say it out loud

Learning and memory benefit from active involvement. When you add speaking to it, the content becomes more defined in long-term memory and more memorable.

Take notes by hand

Most of us can type very fast, but research shows writing your notes by hand will allow you to learn more.

Taking notes by hand enhances both comprehension and retention.

Chunk your study sessions

Studying over a period of time is more effective than waiting until the last minute.

Distributed practice works because each time you try to remember something, the memory becomes harder to forget.

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Ditch Your Learning Style

Learning styles (visual, auditory etc.) have actually little impact on our ability to learn.

The best way to learn depends on what you’re trying to learn in the first place. The ...

Find Meaning In Learning

If you try to force yourself to just memorize random facts, you’re likely to forget them. 

We will most likely remember only the information that was meaningful to us, that we’ve been able to connect to our lives and our experiences.

Learn by Doing

We learn best when we perform the tasks we’re trying to learn. 

No matter how good your grades were at college, most of your learning takes place once you enter the workplace and start applying what you've learned.

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