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The keto moment

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https://www.vox.com/the-highlight/2019/7/25/18744359/keto-diet-weight-loss-diabetes

vox.com

The keto moment
At first, the cravings were like "a drug withdrawal," Jay Wortman recalls. Lying on a hotel bed in Ottawa one night, he'd had to white-knuckle his way out of eating Ferrero Rocher chocolates he'd spirited off a flight.

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The general Keto diet

The general Keto diet

The Keto diet is one of the biggest diet phenomenons today. It is the most Googled diet of 2018 and has surpassed Weight Watchers and other low-carb regimens, Atkins and Paleo.

The...

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Keto is a cultural identity

Keto is more than just a diet. It is a cultural identity.

The Keto diet changes how adherents think about medicine and nutrition. With the fake news that dominates the ne...

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Understanding ketosis

The body can only store glucose to last a few days. If we don't eat carbs, the body finds other ways to fuel the body, like ketogenesis. In ketogenesis:

  • The liver starts to break...

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Keto is a no-carb diet

Carbohydrates account for about half the calories on average in the American diet. Rice, maize, and wheat provide 60 percent of the world's food energy intake, even though there are more than 5...

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Benefits and side-effects of the keto diet

A concern of the Keto diet is that it may not be safe for the cardiovascular system since it can drive up cholesterol levels.
Other health professionals believe the high-fat reg...

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How to enter ketosis

One way to get in ketosis is through fasting - when you stop eating altogether for an extended period. The body will start to burn fat for fuel and decrease its use of glucose.

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Keto diet percentage

People on the Keto diet aim for:

  • Five percent of the calories from carbohydrates from berries and salad.
  • Fifteen percent from proteins like salmon and sardines.
  • E...

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New research on the keto diet

  • Keto science is explored for the potential benefits of the diet as part of cancer therapy.
  • Another new area of research is using keto to prevent and reduce the severity of flu.

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Documented uses of the keto diet

Doctors have been prescribing ketogenic diets to treat epilepsy for nearly a century, and increasingly believe it holds promise for people with Type 2 diabetes.

But the older keto regi...

The Ketogenesis process

It supplies energy under circumstances such as fasting or caloric restriction to certain organs (e.g. the brain, heart, and skeletal muscle).

In ketogenesis, our livers start to break down fat into a usable energy source called ketones. Ketones can stand in for glucose as fuel for the body when there’s a glucose shortage. 

Once ketogenesis kicks in and ketone levels are elevated, the body is in a state called “ketosis,” during which it’s burning stored fat. 

The Keto diet

It is a very low-carb, high-fat diet. People on a ketogenic diet get 5 percent of their calories from carbohydrates, about 15 percent from protein, and 80 percent from fat. It’s this ratio that will force the body to derive much of its energy from ketones. 

That means eating mainly meats, eggs, cheese, fish, nuts, butter, oils, and vegetables while avoiding sugar, bread and other grains, beans, and even fruit.

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Ketosis

... is a normal metabolic process. When the body does not have enough glucose (derived from sugars and starches) for energy, it burns stored fats instead; this results in a build-up o...

Fast facts on ketosis

  • Ketosis occurs when the body does not have sufficient access to its primary fuel source, glucose.
  • Ketosis describes a condition where fat stores are broken down to produce energy, which also produces ketones, a type of acid.
  • In small amounts, ketones serve to indicate that the body is breaking down fat, but high levels of ketones can poison the body, leading to a process called ketoacidosis, a serious condition that can prove fatal.
  • People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to develop ketoacidosis, for which emergency medical treatment is required to avoid or treat diabetic coma.
  • Some people follow a ketogenic (low-carb) diet to try to lose weight by forcing the body to burn fat stores.

The ketogenic diet

The diet itself can be regarded as a high-fat diet, with around 75 % of calories derived from fats,  20 % from proteins and 5 % from carbohydrates.

Adhering to the ketogenic diet can lead to short-term weight loss, consuming fewer calories without feeling hungry while following the diet.

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Ketosis

Is a metabolic state. Think of being in or out of ketosis like the settings in a hybrid car; you can rely on gas or electricity to different degrees.

In ketosis, we...

The function of ketones

Ketones aren’t just a form of energy, they’re powerful signaling molecules. They regulate the expression of genes and dampen inflammatory processes.
Your body is always producing a very low level of ketones, irrespective of your diet. You start producing more of them when following a diet that’s high in fat and low in carbs.

Getting in ketosis

  • The stricter you restrict carbs (or total calories), the quicker you will be in ketosis.
  • Restricting your carb intake to 20g per day is a good heuristic (loose rule) for entering ketosis. It will generally get you into ketosis within a few days.
  • Fasting gets you into ketosis very quickly.

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