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In trying to change a behavior, reason will take you only so far, incentives must be taken into account as well.
In psychology, operant conditioning is a type of learning in whi...
Studies on reinforcement revealed that the best way for us to learn complex behaviors is via continuous reinforcement, in which the desired behavior is rewarded every time it’s performed. Co...
Scheduling the rewards on intermittent reinforcement can be used on various schedules, each with its own degree of effectiveness and situations to which it can be appropriately applied. Some...
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Phones became smart more than a decade ago and started doing almost everything.
While the app store has millions of apps to take care of our needs, connecting with other people remains one ...
The technological tools we use keeps us connected to the people that matter to us, and the text (later rich text message) is one of the oldest ways of communication since portable phones came into existence.
It also has a hidden secret that makes us keep checking it.
... deployed by the messaging software and many other products is composed of:
Understanding these four steps makes us see the hidden psychology behind a user's daily tech habits.
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Learning theories develop hypotheses that describe how learning takes place.
The major theories of learning are the following:
The behaviorist perspectives of learning originated in the early 1900s. The main idea of behaviorism is that learning consists of a change in behavior because of obtaining, strengthening and applying associations between input from the world, and observations of the individual.
Cognitive psychology started in the late 1950s and contributed to the move away from behaviorism.
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What’s hard for human beings is letting go...
Motivate yourself. Quitting isn’t an end in and of itself; it’s a pathway to a new destination.
Make a plan that not only sets your new goal but anticipates possible setbacks and pitfalls along the way.
Prepare for the stress of transition. The best defence is knowing ahead of time how you’re likely to react.
Perfectionism is a personality trait, which can be an endless pursuit of high standards in every area of our lives, but can also be a 'disorder' like condition or a phobia, akin to '
The trait of perfectionism constantly makes a person judge, compare and criticize suboptimal decisions or mistakes in any aspect of the daily routine.
A person starts having mental difficulties, striving to do everything the perfect way, but falling short eventually.
Perfectionism is a voice in our head, constantly fed by the media and society's ideals, coaxing us into doing things in the best way, to get the desired results.
It is useful in its purpose but in extremities can have negative effects on the body and mind.
...is the voluntary withholding of food for spiritual, health, or other reasons.
Food is easily available, but you choose not to eat it. This can be for any period of time, from...
When we fast, Insulin levels fall, signaling the body to start burning stored energy as no more is coming through food. Blood glucose falls, so the body must now pull glucose out of storage to burn for energy.
In essence, intermittent fasting allows the body to use its stored energy.
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You can hack your motivation and make changes that last by using the Tiny Habits method.
It works by breaking down big changes into tiny actions, find where they fit naturally into your li...
Habits can form very quickly. For instance, give someone a new phone, and their emotional response to using the device will wire in a habit very quickly. There is no need for repetition.
New habits then form as long as people have a strong positive emotion connected to the new behavior.
Emotions create habits, not repetition. If you are designing a new habit, you are really designing for emotions.
Intentionally create feelings of success to wire in the habits that you actually want in your life.
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Confidence is often seen as an elusive trait that others have but you don’t.
The truth is confidence is what appears after you go for what you want; it is the result of stepping...
How you hold yourself physically plays a big part in how you hold yourself mentally.
In order to begin to feel and look confident, stand tall, shoulders & head back, being aware of what is around you, and keeping hand motioning to an absolute minimum.
Changing your environment changes the stimuli that are going into your brain—this affects your moment-by-moment perception of the world.
Think of places you frequent where you feel your most creative, happiest, relaxed. Aim to go to these places when you feel low in confidence.
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People instinctually appreciate people whose public persona matches their private values.
When someone professes to be one way but lives contrary to that profession, it signals that th...
Listening meets a person’s primary need for validation and acceptance.
To positively influence others, you must listen to what is spoken and what is left unsaid, because by doing this you'll learn more about a person’s character, desires, and needs.
Become an authority in the area in which you seek to lead others.
Most people are predisposed to listen to, if not respect, authority.
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While we set our personal goals, we make the common mistake of setting a 'destination goal', focusing on the end result, without considering the hardships and daily challenges.
Instead of sticking to dream goals it is better to set a life Direction.
How to figure out a Life Direction? Ask yourself these fundamental questions:
Determine and plan in advance all the critical parts of your goal, and break it down in small, actionable tasks.
The small, divided tasks keep you motivated by providing a feeling of progress on a daily basis.
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Relationships nowadays are regularly in the doldrums, with certain factors that tend to ruin them. These same factors can be ‘reverse-engineered’ to help us strengthen and improve these relations.
When someone talks about their problems, we are jumping in the problem-solving mode straight away. While dealing with people, this approach can backfire. A better approach is to just listen and validate their struggles, make them feel heard and understood.
Many times, the external appearance of behaviour isn’t the full story and has underlying functions. It is just a symptom and not the problem.
Example: When a teenager is mad for no reason, it helps to understand the underlying problems they usually have in this age, and be compassionate.
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