The extra letter is &. Known as an “ampersand,” this letter was originally the 27th letter of the alphabet, taking its place right after Z. The page pictured on the right from the 1863 book The Dixie Primer, For The Little Folks illustrates the way schoolchildren were taught their letters.
The ampersand dates back to the first century when Romans combined the letters E and T into one character representing the word et , which is Latin for “and.” From there, it made its way into the Old English alphabet, where it remained until the waning years of the 19th century.
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Every schoolchild knows there are 26 letters in the English alphabet . It seems self-evident that this fact must be as old as the language itself. Surprising as it may seem, as recently as the mid-1800s, there was a 27th letter — one you see on your computer keyboard every day, without suspecting that it once held equal status with A, B, C, and all of their comrades.
The English language is a universal tool for communication and is mastered even by non-native speakers. The many inconsistencies, quirks and complexities found in English can be confusing and highly frustrating for millions, both in verbal and written formats.
Other languages like French may have complexities like silent letters or certain complex rules, but nothing beats the English language, where letters, combination of letters and pronunciations follow hundreds of different rules and contradictory spellings.
During an 1833 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, a spirited discussion took place to determine what to call those who worked in the different branches of their profession.
William Whewell suggested the word scientist, an obviously superficial suggestion that could not be considered seriously for a moment. Six decades later, it is still used.
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