Law 1: Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the... - Deepstash

Law 1: Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation.

No matter how many idiots you suspect yourself surrounded by, Cipolla wrote, you are invariably lowballing the total. This problem is compounded by biased assumptions that certain people are intelligent based on superficial factors like their job, education level, or other traits we believe to be exclusive of stupidity. They aren’t. Which takes us to:

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MORE IDEAS FROM The five universal laws of human stupidity

they are abundant, they are irrational, and they cause problems for others without apparent benefit to themselves, thereby lowering society’s total well-being. There are no defenses against stupidity, argued the Italian-born professor, who died in 2000. The only way a society can avoid being crushed by the burden of its idiots is if the non-stupid work even harder to offset the losses of their stupid brethren.

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The basic laws of human stupidity

In 1976, Italian economist Carlo M Cipolla defined the laws as follows:

  • Everyone always underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation.
  • The probability that a specific person is stupid is independent of any other characteristic of that person.
  • A stupid person causes losses to another person or group of persons, while he does not gain anything and perhaps incurs losses.
  • Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid people. They repeatedly forget that it is always a costly mistake when you deal with and/or associate with stupid people.

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What is a mind? Defining the concept is a surprisingly slippery task. The mind is the seat of consciousness, the essence of your being. Without a mind, you cannot be considered meaningfully alive. So what exactly, and where precisely, is it?

Traditionally, scientists have tried to define the mind as the product of brain activity: The brain is the physical substance, and the mind is the conscious product of those firing neurons, according to the classic argument. But growing evidence shows that the mind goes far beyond the physical workings of your brain.

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Exploring how the mind extends beyond the physical self.

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Newton’s 3 laws of productive motion
  • Objects in motion tend to stay in motion. Find a way to get started in less than 2 minutes.

  • Work hard, but make sure you work on the right things. You have a limited amount of force and where you apply it is important.

  • Your productivity is a balance of opposing forces. If you want to be more productive, you can either power through the barriers or remove the opposing forces.

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