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How to protect elections amid the pandemic

2020: An Election Year

2020 was supposed to be an election year in the United States before it got upended by the Pandemic. Currently, seven states have postponed the presidential primaries and there is uncertainty about the state elections and federal primary elections which were to be done this summer, apart from the general election in November 2020.

Social distancing and other health safety measures would prohibit a normal way of voting on polling day and of course, the huge rally gatherings and debates that make up an election year.

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How to protect elections amid the pandemic

How to protect elections amid the pandemic

https://theconversation.com/how-to-protect-elections-amid-the-coronavirus-pandemic-134761

theconversation.com

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Key Ideas

2020: An Election Year

2020 was supposed to be an election year in the United States before it got upended by the Pandemic. Currently, seven states have postponed the presidential primaries and there is uncertainty about the state elections and federal primary elections which were to be done this summer, apart from the general election in November 2020.

Social distancing and other health safety measures would prohibit a normal way of voting on polling day and of course, the huge rally gatherings and debates that make up an election year.

Voting by Mail

While postponing of elections is one option, there is a way that people can vote from home, using paper ballots and snail mail, or dropping the ballots at the municipal office.

The State of Ohio has already converted the democratic primary into 100 percent mail-in ballots. Absentee ballots, sick voters and logistical issues of physical votes can make the process slower than electronic voting or paper ballots.

Paper Ballots

..are safer and easier to sanitize, as compared to touch screens, as any public accessible touch surface is a potential super spreader. Voters with physical disabilities, who cannot use paper ballots or mail it, can be made to use the touch screen machines after it is cleaned thoroughly.

Paper ballots are immune to electronic hacks and can be recounted in case of discrepancies.

Handling The Election Year

  • Deferred Voting: Instead of a consolidated voting day, people can be allowed to vote early, maybe a week or two before Election Day, making the process easier to handle in batches.
  • Handling Voter Fraud: Voter fraud in mail-in ballots is a concern, but the rate of the fraud is not that severe if the right measures are enforced, like matching the signature on file.

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SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

The main parties

In the US, there are only two parties considered by most voters - the Democrats (the liberal party) and the Republicans (the conservative party).

Others, like the Libertarian, Green ...

The present

At present, presidential hopefuls are battling for their party's nomination in caucuses and primary elections across the country.

State governments run primary elections the same way as a general election.

If a candidate wins a primary election, they win either all or a proportion of the state's delegates. These delegates will then vote for them at the party convention, where the presidential nominee is named.

Caucuses

A handful of states have caucuses instead of primaries. The parties run caucuses in precincts across the state.

Caucuses give parties more flexibility in determining the rules. In Democratic caucuses, votes are determined by standing in groups around a room.

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Voting in the 1700s

For decades, only white property holders would have the right to vote in the United States. Moreover, some states even made sure that only Christian men had this vote.

Voting in the 1800s

Even though during the Reconstruction period, after the Civil War, individuals were supposed to be allowed to vote no matter their race, in the following decades many Southern states, by means of poll taxes or literacy tests, would still limit the right to vote of the African American men.

1920 and women's voting right

In 1920 women won the right to vote with the ratification of the 19th amendment to the American Constitution.

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1800: Jefferson and Adams

1800: Jefferson and Adams

The outcome was so bizarre, the United States had to amend the Constitution.

  • The election of 1800 saw Thomas Jefferson tie with his Democratic-Republican "running mate" Aaron Burr. Both...

1824: 'Corrupt bargain'

  • Andrew Jackson won the popular vote by less than 39,000 ballots and took 99 Electoral College votes. John Quincy Adams secured 84, William Crawford won 41, and Henry Clay had 37.
  • Clay, with the least votes, got the boot, and his supporters shifted their support to Adams, who would go on to win the majority of the House vote.

After his inauguration, Adams selected Clay as his secretary of state. Jackson accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."

1860: Nation divided

The 1860 election was notable because it ripped the long-dominant Party (and nation) in half.

  • The Democrats were unable at their 1860 convention to establish an official party line on slavery.
  • At a second convention that year, the Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, but many Southerners in the party selected Breckinridge as their man. Both would claim to be the official Democratic candidate.
  • Lincoln snared 40% of the popular vote but took most of the North in the Electoral College.
  • Douglas was second in the popular vote but took only Missouri.
  • Breckenridge took most of the South.
  • Bell's middle of the road policies earned him the middle of the road.

In 1861, delegates from South Carolina, and six of the Southern states formed the Confederate States of America and selected Jefferson Davis as their president.

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