Active Listening On The FBI’s Hostage Negotiation Techniques - Deepstash
Active Listening On The FBI’s Hostage Negotiation Techniques

Active Listening On The FBI’s Hostage Negotiation Techniques

The FBI uses a process composed of five sequential stages:

To establish rapport (Stage 3) with the subject, active listening skills (Stage 1) and empathy (Stage 2) must first be demonstrated and maintained throughout by the negotiator. As this process continues, influence (Stage 4) and the successful resolution of the crisis through behavioral change (Stage 5) follow.

MORE IDEAS FROM How You Can Learn The #1 Persuasion Technique of FBI Hostage Negotiators - Barking Up The Wrong Tree

  1. Paraphrase: Consists of repeating at the speakers a summary of what they say, so they feel understood.
  2. Inquire: Obtain all the information that is relevant to the resolution of the issue.
  3. Acknowledge: Once the issue is made clear, communicate to your counterpart that you understand it.
Active Listening

Is to not judge or analyze what the person is saying at first. Just focusing on listening and trying to understand their perspective.

Conversational Narcissism

Is to seek to hold the attention of a conversation on oneself. It occasionally manifests on the average person when we pretend to be listening, but we were really focusing on what we want to say.

  • Minimal Encouragements: Through body language, or brief verbal replies, negotiators demonstrate that they are focused and listening attentively to the subject, this encourages the subject to keep talking and gradually relinquish more control over the situation.
  • Paraphrasing: negotiators repeat in their own words the meaning of subjects’ messages back to them. This shows the negotiators are listening and understanding what the subject is conveying.

Deepstash helps you become inspired, wiser and productive, through bite-sized ideas from the best articles, books and videos out there.


How to deal with a hothead

First off, you can't get angry too because then there are two angry people.

Tell yourself they are having a bad day. Don't try to shut them up or talk over them. It doesn't work. Instead, listen actively. Don't judge or analyze what the person is saying at first. Just try to understand from their point of view.

“In crisis situations, emotions can dictate a person’s actions at the detriment of rational thinking.”

5 Steps for Effective Crisis Negotiation
  • Prepare for crisis: Good crisis-management plans predict and set mechanisms to deal with and minimize the effects of disputes.
  • Establish ground rules: This establishes a foundation for trust, and disincentivizes extreme demands.
  • Confront emotions head-on: Listen to your counterpart's demands aiming to identify his underlying motivations. Active-listening techniques, such as self-disclosure, paraphrasing, and supportive remarks may help.
  • Don’t rush the process: Strong emotions have a tendency to de-escalate over time, which may lead to lighter demands.
  • Strengthen the relationship: establishing positive bonds helps both parties to see what would satisfy its counterpart.