Problem Solving


  • Increased curiosity. When you open your mind to unanswerable questions and the mysteries of the universe, you will naturally develop a stronger sense of genuine curiosity. Negative capability helps us enjoy the discovery journey rather than rushing to a seemingly perfect solution to our questions. 
  • Better creativity. By unlocking complex emotions, insecurity may be linked to higher creativity.
  • Deeper humility. By accepting that we don’t know what we don’t know, we are more prone to view our knowledge as ever-evolving and ourselves as a constant work in progress.
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Problem Solving


The Size Instinct

The size instinct describes our tendency to get things out of proportion, or misjudge the size of things.

To avoid getting things out of proportion you need only these tools: comparing and dividing:

  • Compare. Big numbers always look big. Single numbers on their own are misleading and should make you suspicious. Always look for comparisons.
  • Divide. Amounts and rates can tell very different stories. Rates are more meaningful, especially when comparing between different-sized groups. In particular, look for rates per person when comparing between countries or regions.

by Hans Rosling, Anna Rosling Rönnlund, Ola Rosling

As most of us have preexisting mental models, it is hard to change one’s mind and completely eliminate the various cognitive biases.

  1. Start with an open mind about people who disagree with you.
  2. Question your own assumptions and beliefs, aiming to understand the big picture and taking a holistic view.
  3. Be critical of sources that support your own belief.
  4. Come into the other person’s shoes and see things from their point of view, deeply and sincerely.
  5. Even if people understand your point of view, they may still stick with theirs due to their status, appearance or position.
  6. If you encounter new information, try to be curious and intrigued instead of defensive.
  1. Set boundaries and moderate your tolerance levels towards the bad.
  2. Understand that it is not always possible to score 100 percent, and 75 percent isn’t a bad score.
  3. Embrace multiple options, diverse choices and the for-or-against mentality, refusing to shut yourself in an echo chamber.
  4. Be more curious when you hear something that is not according to your beliefs, assumptions or upbringing.
  5. Challenge your own narratives and assumptions.
  6. Realize that you are yourself a bundle of beautiful contradictions, which make you unique.

A Polymath is defined as one who is specialized in at least two unrelated fields or domains while having a passive interest in other domains too. They are individualists that hold a holistic view of the world.

Polymaths have an interest in many different phenomena and are curious and adventurous by nature, looking to experience and uncover new facts.

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