96 SAVED IDEAS
Looking at the bright side of life, and putting more weight on the likelihood of positive events happening around us is known as Optimism Bias.
The two beliefs that form this bias are:
Optimism bias provides us with a certain level of confidence, which may be just false, but is effective in stopping the constant worry, doubt and fear that arises when we try new and potentially difficult things.
Unexpected negative events keep happening, but we choose hope and positivity over despair and cling to the positive things that help us survive the crisis.
Reality cannot be seen with positivity goggles at all times, and being constantly positive blinds us from the actual facts, rendering us unprepared for potential hazards.
Genetics play a 30 to 40 percent role in optimism bias. Actively believing that positive changes are going to happen boosts our motivation to try harder than we normally would, impacting the final outcome. Positive expectations make us happier and reduce our anxiety.
In the corporate world, CEOs and entrepreneurs tend to lean towards optimism as their success sometimes depends on them not quitting in despair.
As beneficial as it is, complete optimism has its downside, as we need to be realistic on what can be done in the given circumstances.
Seeing a situation from all possible angles and as objectively as possible is recommended. Optimism, like any other strength, can turn into a weakness if overplayed.
The falling apple has caused physicist Isaac Newton to formulate his laws of gravity. Archimedes took a bath and figured out how to calculate volume and density.
Anna Marie Roos, a historian of science, advises us to take these eureka moments with a grain of salt. However, she thinks they give insight into the creative process.
Narratives of scientific discovery get polished after the fact.
Eureka stories happen when decades of work get compressed into one inspirational moment.
The stories of Newton and Archimedes point to the need to quiet the mind and be contemplative. The falling apple and gravity, and overflowing bathtub and specific gravity show us that creativity needs space. Creative ideas often occur when scientists allow themselves to play.
Planning research projects requires creativity and sharp analytical skills.
Any research planning uses the same four steps:
Orienting yourself for research planning requires you to stop thinking like a student, which treats knowledge as something created by other people.
Forming a good question is often the most difficult part of the planning process. This is because the exact language of the question frames the rest of the project. Most researchers do this step repeatedly as they change their question in light of previous research and other constraints.
The 'literature review' section in academic research demonstrated that researchers have thoroughly and systematically reviewed relevant findings of previous studies on the topic.
Two basic rhetorical positions can help you frame the novelty-and-importance argument in academic research.
The overall goal is to show that your research will be part of a larger conversation: How your project flows from what's already known, how it advances, extends, or challenges the existing knowledge.
At some point, you'll need to consider which data source and analytical strategy are most likely to give the answers you need.
The point is to plan research, not to conduct it. The purpose of this step is to think through a feasible approach to answering your research question. You might reevaluate and revise while planning your project as new and unexpected avenues are revealed.
A systematic approach will establish the building blocks of your research project.
Write down your answers in bullet points accepting that you'll probably change your answers as you read other studies on your topic.
These questions should drive your analysis.
Your background information should come from scholarly books and journals, or reputable mass media sources. Use search engines such as JSTOR and Google Scholar.
Create an annotated bibliography by providing at least ten sources relevant to your topic.
Write a short statement of about 250 words about the kind of data that would help address your research and how you'd analyse it.
While we may not like to admit this, we all are making a lot of bad decisions, be it our personal lives, careers or in our jobs. Here is what research says about making good decisions:
If there is too much information, we tend to make the wrong decision, and even if our decision is well-researched and considered right, we end up dissatisfied.
The right information, even if less, provides clarity to make the right decision.
A gut feeling, or an instinct, is often the right path, and points towards the right decision.
Ultra-rational, logical and unemotional decision-making does not guarantee that the decision taken will be the right one.
A good decision depends on the strengths of the person making it.
If a person is an expert in a field, he can then make an informed decision, while trusting his gut feeling or instinct.
“A good decision now is better than a perfect decision in two days” - James Waters
Losing valuable time for a perfect decision sometimes backfires, and a good enough decision can work just as well.
Self-learning (also known as autodidacticism) is useful for certification (and fine-tuning) of your existing skills, to be able to learn continuously, and for the cultivation of your curiosity.
It’s essential to move out of the comfort zone and dive into the learning zone.
Self-learning is about goals and the meaning you derive out of your work, though it can also work without a goal, only for self-satisfaction.
The Learning Loop is as follows:
Mind Framing or the personal growth framework uses the PARI method:
The world is already moving towards direct acquisition of skills and away from credentials. Companies are increasingly okay with self-learned, skilled employees that get the job done.
Many online resources like Coursera, edX.org, Udemy and others can open new doors in our lives and provide us with new skills if we can take the plunge.