87 STASHED IDEAS
The expectations people have of us affect us in many hidden ways. Their expectations can dictate the opportunities we are offered, how we are spoken to, and the praise and criticism that comes to us. These nudges might influence our success in life.
The Pygmalion effect can then serve as a reminder to be aware of the potential influence of our expectations.
"The visions we offer our children shape the future. It matters what those visions are. Often they become self-fulfilling prophecies. Dreams are maps".
Many people have stories of achieving something great because someone had high expectations of them. The concept of the Pygmalion Effect is that expectations will influence performance and become a self-fulfilling prophecy.
The term "Pygmalion effect" comes from studies done in the 1960s on the effect of teacher's expectations on students' IQ. If teachers had high expectations, would pupils live up to them? Although the conclusion was that the effects were negligible, the idea is widespread.
The Pygmalion effect suggests that other people's expectations can influence how we think, how we act, how we view our capabilities, and what we achieve.
In Pygmalion in Management, J. Sterling Livingston writes that managers have the ability to lower or increase the performance of their subordinates by how they treat them. If their expectations are low, productivity is likely to suffer. If managers expectations are high, productivity is likely to be excellent.
A popular training program among newbies at the gym is the ‘starting strength’, where the routine and techniques change every few days or weeks, in order to avoid plateaus and maximize strength gains.
It helps to switch and mix up the exercise and uses the theory of constraints to avoid any particular muscle group becoming a bottleneck.
A common motivation dip is the performance plateau, when the quick and easy gains are over and done with, and slowly the momentum to keep your motivation diminishes. This feels like you have reached some sort of limit, and most people take it as a cue to settle down, and consequently stop improving.
Going beyond the plateau of contentment is crucial to hitting big goals.
If people are made to develop certain basic and related skills, including foundational understanding in an objective way, they perform better at certain tasks.
Being aware of the blindspots that one can have, the emotional awareness that one may not have, or about the nature of Dunning-Kruger Effect can help individuals who are already aware to some extent that they might not be the centre of the universe after all.
We are heavily blind-spotted with regards to our unknown unknowns as we continue to believe our own rhetoric and start to project it on others.
Our delusion is further complicated by the fact that even if people point to us our problem, we are unable to believe them, due to our lack of emotional awareness.
As most people do not like ambiguity and uncertainty, they are much more comfortable in knowing something even if it is completely false.
Knowing something wrong is better than nothing, as our beliefs let us make sense of the world, which is subjective by every measure.
To overcome the paradox of overcoming our own ignorance is itself a contradiction due to the fact that we need to look for something that we cannot see.
This is the same contradiction experienced by any conspiracy theorist: The basic premise of their belief (even if it is right) is based on zero-reasoning and the foundation that only they are the reasonable ones.
The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the mind's tendency to overestimate one’s own knowledge or competence and to underestimate one’s own ignorance. It usually occurs when the information is unknown to us, with one peculiar complication: The information that something is unknown to us is also unknown to us.
The Dunning-Kruger Effect is essentially a meta-layer of ignorance. Example: drivers who pride themselves as being competent and safe drivers making highly unsafe driving errors.
“The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, and wiser people so full of doubts.”
Most people have information in all these four types, making each brain a combination of a labyrinth and a jigsaw puzzle.
Maximisers compare everything before making a decision, setting very high standards and expectations for themselves.
They often feel disappointed with their final decision after making it.
Whether it is deciding what to watch on TV, or which job offer to accept, Fobo (Fear of better options) can affect anyone.
A Fobo-afflicted person may not make a decision due to wanting complete information or simply be overwhelmed with the daunting options.
Sophisticated apps and social media only accelerate FOBO, giving us unlimited options. We are unable to decide due to a constant flow of new plans, events, invitations or commitments.
Satisficers are the ones that make "good enough" decisions, have modest expectations and are generally happier and more satisfied after making their decision.