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Problem Solving

98 SAVED IDEAS

Adam Grant
“In a changing world, you have to be willing and able to change your mind. Otherwise, your expertise can fail, your opinions get out of date, and your ideas fall flat.”

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Problem Solving

Question our thinking: Why we find it difficult
  • One barrier is what psychologists call “cognitive entrenchment,” which is when you have so much knowledge in an area that you start to take for granted assumptions that need to be questioned.
  • A second barrier is motivation: "I don’t want to rethink; I’m comfortable with the way I’ve always done things. It makes me feel and look stupid if I admit that I was wrong."
  • The third reason is social. We don’t form beliefs in a vacuum. We generally end up with opinions that are influenced by and pretty much similar to the people in our social circles. So, there’s a risk that if I let go of some of my views, I might be excluded from my tribe, and I don’t want to take that risk.

Thinking like a scientist does not mean you need to own a telescope or a microscope, but that you favor humility over pride and curiosity over conviction: You know what you don’t know, and you’re eager to discover new things. You don’t let your ideas become your identity. You look for reasons why you might be wrong, not just reasons why you must be right.

You listen to ideas that make you think hard, not just the ones that make you feel good. And you surround yourself with people who can challenge your process, not just the ones who agree with your conclusion.

ADAM GRANT
If you don’t get good at rethinking, then you end up being wrong more often. I think it’s one of the great paradoxes of life: The quicker you are to recognize when you’re wrong, the less wrong you become.

The whole point of rethinking is to change your mind in the face of better logic or stronger evidence—not to just roll the dice and say, I’m going to pick a random new opinion today.

An attitude of wisdom as acting on the best information you have while doubting what you know. And for that you need humility.

But people misunderstand what humility is. Confident humility is being able to say, “I don’t know and I might be wrong,” or “I haven’t figured it out yet,” which is essentially believing in yourself but doubting your current knowledge or skills.

This means that when you form an opinion, you make a list of conditions that would change your mind.

That keeps you honest, because once you get attached to an opinion, it’s really hard to let go. But if you identify factors that would change your mind up front, you keep yourself flexible.

Adam Grant
“In some ways, the joy of being wrong is the freedom to keep learning.. If you can embrace the joy of being wrong, then you get to anchor your identity more in being someone who’s eager to discover new things, than someone who already knows everything.”
Different Types Of Doodling

As a mainstream understanding, we know of doodling as "absentminded scribbling". There are many different types of doodling such as:

  • Infodoodles - which are used to explore and educate new ideas
  • Meditative Doodling - a practice of purposeful pen strokes that lead into quiet and reflective spaces
  • Zentangle Method - where beautiful and structured patterns are used.

The benefits of doodling are:

  1. Feelings of relaxation
  2. Mood regulation
  3. Better memory recall
  4. Increase in creativity and authenticity
  5. Deepening of learning in a multimodal manner.

There is a time and place for everything, and this includes doodling.

  • Doodling in class or during a meeting is not helpful because doodling only improves memory recall if it is structured and combined with note-taking.
  • Unstructured doodling can be considered as being distracted and therefore only weakening your recall.
Multitasking vs monotasking

Multitasking fractures your attention between multiple tasks at the same time; monotasking fully focuses on one task.

  • Multitasking is less about being able to work on more tasks at the same time, and more about hoe we switch between different tasks while not giving our full attention to any of them.
  • Monotasking (single-tasking) means working on one task at a time and it helps to increase our creativity, energy, and focus.

When we multitask, we’re putting tremendous stress on our brains as we flit backward and forwards between different tasks.

Multitasking is a brain drain that exhausts the mind, zaps cognitive resources and, if left unchecked, condemns us to early mental decline and decreased sharpness.

Context switching is essentially bad for us: every time we switch between doing our work and checking our phones for example, we experience a “transaction cost” that drains our energy and slows us down.

  • Commit to the Pomodoro Technique: this method breaks down tasks into short chunks of time, with a brief break in between each.
  • Save things for later: when you come across articles and videos throughout your day that force you to make a decision, don't break your momentum and start saving these items for later.
  • Make a to-do list and break down tasks.
  • Reduce digital clutter in your work life (notifications, for example).
  • Listen to classical music, electronic music, and even white noise (productivity music).
Perfectionism

Perfectionism is a personality trait, which can be an endless pursuit of high standards in every area of our lives, but can also be a 'disorder' like condition or a phobia, akin to 'Fear of Failure'.

Constant Mental Punishment

The trait of perfectionism constantly makes a person judge, compare and criticize suboptimal decisions or mistakes in any aspect of the daily routine.

A person starts having mental difficulties, striving to do everything the perfect way, but falling short eventually.

The Voice In The Head

Perfectionism is a voice in our head, constantly fed by the media and society's ideals, coaxing us into doing things in the best way, to get the desired results. 

It is useful in its purpose but in extremities can have negative effects on the body and mind.

Taking Risky And Bold Decisions

Courage isn’t about reckless risk-taking but is often the result of calculated actions that are taken in a measured and appropriate manner.

In business, bold, courageous actions provide the risk-takers with psychological currency, a kind of motivational force that emboldens an otherwise risk-averse individual.

Boldness becomes the fundamental component while pursuing an endeavour which is high in risk and reward.

Courage is the pursuit of a higher purpose, according to Aristotle.

Courage is truly present when the fear is known and real, yet action is taken with eyes wide open. Many business actions like a hostile takeover, purchasing volatile stock or even the very act of starting a business are representations of a courageous act.

  1. Stop And ask why: Weigh the risk-reward ratio before taking action.
  2. Seek advice from someone neutral: Seek a mentor who can give unbiased advice on your plan of action.
  3. Winning is not enough: Achieving an end goal feels shallow after a day. Win the entire game by focusing on success in each and every step and action.
  4. Reassess your decisions: Don’t just wager big for the sake of it, fine-tune your decision making and tone down the hyperbole and excitement.
  5. Hold yourself accountable: Analyze other options and make yourself accountable for your final decision

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