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82 STASHED IDEAS

  • They have their origin in the Roman legal tradition.
  • Civil systems vary widely, both in procedure and substantive law, so conducting research on a particular nation's civil law system should include looking at that nation's specific system of law, but they do have some trademark characteristics.  
  • Nations with civil law systems have comprehensive, frequently updated legal codes. Most importantly, case law is a secondary source in these jurisdictions.
  • France and Germany are two examples of countries with a civil law system.
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  • They are based on patterns of behavior (or customs) that have come to be accepted as legal requirements or rules of conduct within a particular country.  
  • The laws of customary legal systems are usually unwritten and are often dispensed by elders, passed down through generations. As such, customary law research depends greatly on the use of secondary sources. 
  • Oftentimes, customary law practices can be found in mixed legal system jurisdictions, where they've combined with civil or common law.

These are the systems where the law emanates from texts or traditions within a given religious tradition.  

Many Islamic nations have legal systems based in whole or in part on the Quran.

  • While they often have statutes, common law systems rely more on precedent, judicial decisions that have already been made.  
  • Common law systems are adversarial, rather than investigatory, with the judge moderating between two opposing parties.  
  • The legal system in the United States is a common law system (with the exception of Louisiana, which has a mix of civil and common law).
Quick Primer on the World's Legal Systems

There are generally considered to be five legal systems in the world today: 

  • Civil law
  • Common law
  • Customary law
  • Religious law
  • Mixed legal systems.

After the Sputnik space satellite launch in 1957, the U.S. Air force commissioned a study of Lunar research flights, known as Project A119, which considered an explosion on the moon's far side to illuminate Earth's natural satellite.

A nuclear moon test would have been a considerable feat that could have confirmed America's leadership, but the Air Force never acted on the study.

Nuking the Moon

If we detonated a nuclear weapon on the moon, the lack of an atmosphere on the moon would mean no mushroom cloud or shockwave, but anyone viewing the blast would likely get a fatal dose of ionizing radiation.

The explosion would probably cause moon debris ejected into space that will also strike Earth.

The bullet journal method

Ryder Carroll started the Bullet Journal Method that grew into a lifestyle movement.

The bullet journal is a paper-and-pen journal where you can organise all of your lists, projects and plans in one place. Bullet journaling will help you to be more productive by organising what you have to do. However, the real purpose is to be mindful of why you're doing the tasks.

  • Don't make it profound so that it becomes a chore: You can write what you want and figure out what matters later.
  • Just get started: Write down a few tasks you want to get done today. Consider how you can resolve some issues you're facing. Write down some ideas and get started.
  • Buy materials you like: If you hate your materials, you're going to be less likely to use them every day.
  • Don't worry if it is not artistic: It is a reflection of your life, and that makes it beautiful.
  • Start with one area of your life: Track your eating habits, or financial goals, or friend's birthdays, etc.
  • It's a mental inbox: You can offload your thoughts, ideas and tasks. This will help to declutter your mind.
  • It's a habit tracker: Every bullet journal can be customised. You can add "modules" for any goals with daily tasks to help you achieve them. It's a great motivator to see your progress.
  • It's a creative outlet for your doodling moments.
  • Index: This section of the journal is a "table of contents" for the rest of the journal. When you add a new section, include its name and starting page number in the index.
  • Future log: This is where you note events like birthdays, weddings and vacations.
  • Monthly log: A month gets a two-page spread. The one page is a calendar-like list of every day of the month with bulleted entries for appointments, deadlines, meetings, and events from the Future Log. The second page is a bulleted list of tasks for the month.
  • Daily log: Every day gets its own page. Here you write everything that needs to get done today.

With a bullet journal, you can reflect on what you really want to do with your time and energy while writing down observations and inspirations. You can see which tasks are meaningless distractions while focusing on the real tasks.

To keep all the entries organized, use a quick notation system:

  • ● Tasks
  • O Events
  • : — Notes
  • ✫ Priority
  • ! Inspirational insights.

Don't just read literature because it's good for you. Read because it's good.

Reading helps us feel, but it also helps us feel better. Books make us feel less isolated.

A study showed that participants who read literature had an increase in blood to the brain areas for processing language and in the regions that had nothing to do with processing language.

For example, if you read about running through a forest, your frontal lobe's motor cortex that coordinate the body's movement lights up in the same way as if you were actually running.

One study demonstrated that the empathy we feel for characters in a novel could make people less racist.

Even children can improve their opinions about stigmatised groups through reading, as proven in another study using the first Harry Potter book in Italy, a country where immigrants are often stigmatised.

Literature helps us read the room

Are we frustrated of sympathetic with Hamlet's reluctance to avenge his father? When we read literature, we compare the main character's actions to what we'd do in a similar situation.

We develop social sensitivity as we practice our ability to take on another's point of view.

There are organisms that have adapted to the fluctuating light levels that are being reflected by the Moon in which some rely on the moonlight to be able to navigate and procreate.

A great example for this is the Ephedra foeminea which is a plant that requires moonlight to produce sparkling droplets for it to be pollinated. Another is the dung beetles in which relies on the moonlight for navigation for safe travel.

The Influence of the Moon

There are three ways as to how the moon can affect life on earth:

  • Time
  • Tide
  • Light

The moon has been embedded in many life cycles of many organisms. It has been there ever since the evolution has been taking place, even far longer than that.

The Moon and the tides

The tidal range is one of the most significant and observable effects the Moon has on Earth.

It has been shown in studies that the animals who habitat in coasts and seashores such as limpets, were found to be stronger than any man-made material ever made due to their remarkable adaptability to survive in ever-changing conditions.

  • Sand Hoppers: These are crustaceans that have two compasses (sun compass in their brain, moon compass in their antennae) that help them stay buried during the day and forage at night.
  • Corals: The lunar timing helps corals in the Great Barrier Reef spawn, so significantly that the changes can be seen in space.
  • Barau's Petrel: These are endangered seabirds that use the moon and the length of the day to synchronize migrations.

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