Self Improvement


The British nation puts its trust in people rather than in paper and has never codified its constitution. The Magna Carta's place in the laws of England and Wales is mainly symbolic.

And yet, the symbolism crosses the political spectrum. Nelson Mandela expressed his admiration for it during the Rivonia trial of 1964. Churchill was advised that a copy of the original charter might secure the support of the United States in WWII.

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Self Improvement

Magna Carta is a constitutional instrument that stands with the Petition of Right 1628, the Bill of Rights 1689, the Act of Settlement 1701 and the Act of Union 1707.

It is the most important document in the development of constitutional and legal freedom and adherence to the rule of law in the common law world.

Magna Carta is revered more in other lands than in the country of its birth. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. In turn, that led directly to the European Convention on Human Rights in 1953.

The Magna Carta has been cited in more than 900 federal and state courts in the United States. Between 1940 and 1990, the United States Supreme Court had done so in more than sixty cases.

Non-lawyers tend to invest in Magna Carta with more weight than it carries. Some seem to think that Magna Carta can be used as a restraint on the supremacy of Parliament, but it can not. The power of Parliament to legislate as it deems good dates from the Bill of Rights 1689.

Judges do not enforce Magna Carta today because its terms are too broad. It is still cited in the courts of the UK, but as little more than a historical flourish.

Only three clauses of the statute remain law in England and Wales today.

  • Clause 1 states that 'the Church of England shall be free.'
  • Clause 9 promises that 'the City of London shall have all the old liberties and customs' it used to have.
  • Clause 29 is the best-known. 'No freeman shall be taken or imprisoned, or disseised of his freehold, or liberties, or free customs, or be outlawed, or exiled, or any other wise destroyed; nor will we not pass upon him, nor condemn him, but by lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land.'
The Magna Carta is iconic

The Magna Carta has become a world-class brand representing human rights, democracy, and free speech.

But the original document does not mention any of these principles, not even in translation. Regardless of what the Magna Carta says, it is immediately recognised as the most important legal document in the common law world.

Impressionist art was a shift from mythology, historical events and other kinds of 'epic' paintings towards street life in Paris, contemporary life, rural leisure life, and other new places that were never explored by painters before.

The mixing of colours captured the shifting of light, with innovative use of saturation, mixing, and broken colours, giving a vivid intensity to the same.

In 1874, the group of artists who drew in the rough and messy ‘impressionist’ style clubbed together in France and pooled their resources, promoting their art in their very own exhibition.

French critics, who were used to the official, acceptable exhibitions, were further perplexed at the audacity and how the limits of art were pushed beyond recognition.

Impressionist Art: Initial Criticism

Impressionist art was looked at with disdain by art critics, as it was commonly accepted that any serious artist would minimize brush strokes and create a glossy, refined painting, not something with visible dots, blobs and smears.

During the first Impressionist art exhibition in 1874, the conservative painters and critics saw this kind of art as unfinished and unprofessional, turning the word ‘impressionist’ into a derogatory term.

Most of the impressionist artists lived in Paris, France during the late 19th century and were friends, often meeting at Café Guerbois.

These groundbreaking artists like Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Pierre-August Renoir, Camille Pissarro and many others, left an indelible mark on art.

Paintings: Impressionist Style Of Art

First seen in the mid-19th century, impressionist art captured the immediate impression of scenery or moment, communicated by the artist using light, reflection and separated colours.

The capturing of light was done using short brushstrokes done quickly and freely, making the painting appear rough and messy to some.

Make your boss and your teammates see the things you bring to the table. Find ways to connect your tasks into the company's outcomes and help your boss from time to time, through this you will be seen as someone who constantly adds value.

Studies show that people who have similarities with their bosses are more likely to be seen in a positive light. In addition to this, those who create "in-groups" disrupts team dynamics and make "outside" people unwelcome.

Another thing that can help you connect with your boss is to make them look good in meetings by building on their arguments or adding a helpful commentary instead of blindly agreeing. Conversely, don't air out disagreements with your boss with an audience.

Show your commitment to the team and organization

There are two ways you can improve other people's perception of you:

  1. Emphasize opportunities whenever you recommend changing something. Put the spotlight on the gains of your proposal instead of the losses; or
  2. Whenever you're providing an idea, make sure to building or improving upon it instead of correcting their mistakes.
Fearing performance reviews

Performance reviews are inherently subjective and our fear of getting booted out of the company often makes us think and act out of fear.

During performance reviews, other people's perception of you is a heavily impacting factor but being able to understand the elements that can be built up before your review will improve its outcome.

When a performance review is coming up it's best to focus on making sure that your achievements are in the spotlight.

Many people tend to think that overly friendly colleagues don't accomplish as much but in reality, the overly friendly ones are getting burn out because they take on more responsibilities without getting credit.

Attend social functions with a smile on your face

Sometimes we don't have it in us to go to that work event we're told to go to but think about it this way, the more frequently people see you during these social functions with a smile on your face the more you show how committed you are to the team for the long run.

Highlight your achievements

Help your boss and your colleagues notice and recall the accomplishments you've done and completed. We often overestimate the extent of people's memories therefore we shouldn't take any chances.

Here's a formula that can help highlight your accomplishments: "To advance goal X or organization priority Y, I did Z."

  • The Dabbler: Starts everything with enthusiasm. He delights in signs of progress. The plateau that follows is unacceptable and he starts looking around for new things.
  • The Obsessive: He or she knows results are what count, and he wants them fast. He simply won't accept a plateau. He redoubles his effort. He pushes himself mercilessly and is likely to get hurt. 
  • The Hacker: After sort of getting the hang of a thing, he or she is willing to stay on the plateau indefinitely. At work, he does only enough to get by, leaves on time or early, takes every break, talks instead of doing his job, and wonders why he doesn't get promoted.
Our Resistance To Change

Resistance is proportionate to the size and speed of the change, not to whether the change is a favorable or unfavorable one.

Every one of us resists significant change, no matter whether it's for the worse or for the better. Our body, brain, and behavior have a built-in tendency to stay the same within rather narrow limits and to snap back when changed.

"Ultimately, liberation comes through the acceptance of limits. You can't do everything, but you can do one thing, and then another and another. In terms of energy, it's better to make a wrong choice than none at all."

"To see the teacher clearly, look at the students. They are his work of art."

  • Conflicting way of life
  • Obsessive goal orientation
  • Poor instruction
  • Lack of competitiveness
  • Overcompetitiveness
  • Laziness
  • Injuries
  • Drugs. If you're on drugs, you're not on the path
  • Prizes and medals
  • Vanity
  • Dead seriousness
  • Inconsistency. Consistency of practice is the mark of the master
  • Perfectionism.
  • Linguistic
  • Musical
  • Logical/mathematical
  • Spatial
  • Bodily/kinesthetic
  • Two types of personal intelligences that might be described as intrapersonal and interpersonal.

"A human being is the kind of machine that wears out from lack of use. There are limits, of course, and we do need healthful rest and relaxation, but for the most part we gain energy by using energy. Often the best remedy for physical weariness is thirty minutes of aerobic exercise. In the same way, mental and spiritual lassitude is often cured by decisive action or the clear intention to act."

Practice for the sake of the practice itself. Not for the result.

Rather than being frustrated while on the plateau, you learn to appreciate and enjoy it just as much as you do the upward surges.

The Mastery Curve

Learning any new skill involves relatively brief spurts of progress, each of which is followed by a slight decline to a plateau somewhat higher in most cases than that which preceded it. 

To take the master's journey, you have to practice diligently, to attain new levels of competence. But while doing so, you also have to be willing to spend most of your time on a plateau, to keep practicing even when you seem to be getting nowhere.

Definition Of Mastery

Mastery is the curious process during which what is at first difficult becomes progressively easier and more pleasurable through practice.

If there is any sure route to success and fulfillment in life, it is to be found in the long-term, essentially goalless process of mastery. It's available to anyone who is willing to get on the path and stay on it—regardless of age, sex, or previous experience.

  • A stage ends when the habitual system has been programmed to the new task, and the cognitive and effort systems have withdrawn. 
  • This means you can perform the task without making a special effort to think of its separate parts. 
  • At this point, there's an apparent spurt of learning. But this learning has been going on all along.
The Anti-Mastery Mentality

It is focused on quick fixes: Heart surgery rather than diet and exercise. Lottery tickets rather than retirement savings.

"Fast, temporary relief" is the battle cry. Symptoms receive immediate attention; underlying causes remain in the shadows.

  • Instruction: For mastering most skills, there's nothing better than being in the hands of a master teacher, either one-to-one or in a small group. 
  • Practice: It can be anything you practice on a regular basis as an integral part of your life—not in order to gain something else, but for its own sake
  • Surrender: The courage of a master is measured by his or her willingness to surrender.
  • Intentionality: Intentionality fuels the master's journey. Every master is a master of vision.
  • The Edge: Playing the edge is a balancing act. It demands the awareness to know when you're pushing yourself beyond safe limits. 

"The achievement of goals is important. But the real juice of life, whether it be sweet or bitter, is to be found not nearly so much in the products of our efforts as in the process of living itself, in how it feels to be alive."

  • Oscar Winner: In 1940, Hattie McDaniel was the first African American to win an Academy Award for her performance in Gone With the Wind. She portrayed a loyal slave governess.
  • First Black Billionaire: Robert Johnson sold his cable station, Black Entertainment Television (BET) in 2001 and became the first Black billionaire. Other billionaires include Oprah Winfrey and Michael Jordan.
  • First Lawyer: John Mercer Langston passed the bar in Ohio in 1854.
  • First Supreme Court Justice: Thurgood Marshall served in the U.S. Supreme Court from 1967 to 1991.
  • First Senator: Hiram Rhodes Revels represented the state of Mississippi from February 1870 to March 1871.
  • First Woman Representative: Shirley Chisholm was elected to the House of Representatives in 1968. She represented the state of New York.
  • First Black President: Barack Obama became U.S. president in 2008.
  • First Black Vice President: In 2021, Kamala Harris became vice president.

Black history month honours the contributions of African Americans to U.S. history.

The celebrations began as "Negro History Week," created in 1926 by Carter G. Woodson, a noted African American historian, scholar, educator and publisher. In 1976, it became a month-long celebration. The month of February was chosen to coincide with the birthdays of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln.

  • Heavyweight Boxing Champ: Jack Johnson became the first African American World Heavyweight Champion in 1908.
  • First Professional Black Baseball Player: On April 5, 1947, Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers and became the first African American to play Major League Baseball.
  • Eminent Scientist: George Washington Carver developed 300 derivative products from peanuts, including cheese, milk, coffee, flour, ink, dyes, plastics, wood stains, soap, linoleum, medicinal oils, and cosmetics.
  • Self-Made Millionaire: Madam C.J. Walker invented a line of African American hair care products. She established Madame C.J. Walker Laboratories.

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