Self Improvement


The Spartan Constitution

Sparta was the first known functioning democracy. This was 150 years before the introduction of democracy in Athens.

They were a thinly populated state but they were greatly celebrated and was one of the most powerful cities.

The Spartan Constitution was written by Xenophon, a foreign dweller into the land of Sparta. Without his work, we wouldn't have any accounts on how the Spartan life became.

Karl Murphy (@karlmph) - Profile Photo



Self Improvement

  • The single-issue optimist/pessimist views everyone's future as being hopeless because of a handful of things that stand in the way.
  • Next to the half-optimist are people who are pessimistic with their words but optimistic with their actions.
  • In the middle, we have the reasonable optimist who acknowledges that life is full of setbacks but who remain confident because they know setbacks are a small part of the bigger picture.
  • The possibilist knows progress is likely but sees it as playing the odds.

The Spectrum of Optimism and Pessimism


  1. Notice when you are clinging to something and how it feels, like when you get frustrated, overeat or rush to your favourite distractions like Twitter or Netflix.
  2. Practice a simple daily meditation of 5 to 10 minutes for a month. Check how much you cling to your phone in the middle of meditating.
  3. Practice letting go, just like relaxing the grasping or tightening of your body. Whatever comes your way, enjoy it.
  4. Clinging is because we believe we are the centre of the universe and want things the way we like them.
  5. Change your perspective to go beyond just being self-focussed. Focus on others and be compassionate and supportive.
  6. See the beauty in everything around you, the trees, the moon, feeling the amazing universe and appreciating it.

How to Develop a Mind That Clings to Nothing - zen habits


Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that human nature only becomes corrupted after we move into society.

  • He thought problems like theft could only be problems after society formed.
  • He argues that art and science haven't improved most people's moral fibre.
  • He thought private property encouraged greed and egotism. He believed "you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itself to nobody."

Rousseau explained: What his philosophy means for us


Dogs And Humans
  • Science journal has a new study on the DNA of ancient dogs and humans, which examines the beautiful relationship and shared history of dogs with our species.
  • The oldest remains of dogs were found in Germany and date about 15000-16000 years back.
  • The new analysis asserts that just when the Ice Age ended, about 11000 years back we had five specific lineages of dogs, developing further into a larger number of families.

Scientists piece together the story of humans and dogs


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