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Health

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We don't only cry when we experience feelings of sorrow or unhappiness. We also shed tears to express positive states of love or joy.

A recent survey found that 68 per cent of respondents reported crying from a positive experience at least once a month.

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Health

Happy tears categories
  • Achievement tears occur when someone shows extraordinary skill, achieves well-deserved success or overcomes a big obstacle—for example, winning an Olympic medal or recovering from a severe illness.
  • Affectionate tears occur when someone experiences a unique sense of closeness or communality. An example is holding your newborn baby for the first time.
  • Beauty tears are shed when people spot magnificence in nature or the arts, and it creates a feeling of awe.
  • Amusement tears happen when something is so funny that you cry with laughter.

One explanation for crying is that it is a social signal. It expresses to someone how you are feeling. Negative tears may be a signal for help. Happy tears may indicate that a person is eager to be close to others and have no mean intent.

How you express happy tears depends on who you are. An extrovert more often will experience beauty tears. Empathetic individuals cry affectionate tears more frequently, and liberal people are prone to shed beauty tears.

Start where you are at

If you're a total beginner at exercising, you may see other people doing things that may never seem possible for you. But that's not true. Everybody has to start somewhere. Even experienced exercisers feel that they want to be further along than they are now.

When you start, you only need to do what you can. If you can't run, you can walk and build from there.

If you can't squat
  • Sit in a chair, then stand back up.
  • Lean you back against a wall and slide down until you're in a sitting position.
  • Hold onto a countertop or the back of a chair while you do a squat.

Don't worry if you can't squat all the way to parallel. You can work on going lower over time.

If you can't do pushups

Pushups are easier the higher your hands are and harder the higher your feet are.

For the easiest beginner version, put your hands on a wall about shoulder height. Lean into the wall, and push yourself back to a standing position. When you can do that, find a lower surface, like a table, then a chair, etc.

If you can't pick up weights

It's okay to do weight workouts without weights. Make your hands into fists and go through the motions.

From there, you can use half-litre water bottles, a can of soup or a book. After that, one- and two-pound dumbbells can come in handy.

If you aren't ready to follow a video

Find a video that seems like fun but is just out of your reach. You will find that even if you modify it or rest when needed, you'll come back a little bit better every time.

Remember that your goal should be to do a workout starting at your current level of fitness, not to complete a specific number of reps. Do what you can and rest for the remainder of the time.

If you aren't ready to do a cycling workout

You've got your bike, you can pedal, but you get out of breath and feel like you can't keep going.

Adjust your workout. Pay attention to the instructor's voice and facial expressions and ignore any specific numbers. If the instructor is talking and seems to be on an easy bike ride, adjust your resistance so you are on an easy bike ride. If she's working hard, change your resistance so you are working hard.

If you aren't ready to run

Then walk. Walk across a room, down the block, walk a mile at your speed. Eventually, you'll find yourself walking further and faster. In time you may want to start running. If you hate running, swap it out for something else.

There is nothing like a bowl of cherry Jell-O topped with a fluffy raft of faux whipped cream on a hot night. Both foodstuffs can be credited to William A. Mitchell.

  • Mitchell was born in Minnesota in 1911. He got a degree in chemistry at the University of Nebraska and worked at General Foods at the start of World War II. There, he developed a substitute for tapioca, which was in short supply.
  • In 1957, Mitchel developed a powdered fruit-flavored vitamin-enhanced drink mix named Tang Flavor Crystals. In 1962, NASA sent Tang into space to disguise the water's metallic taste onboard the spaceship.
  • In 1956, Mitchell attempted to create instantly self-carbonating soda. It resulted in the candy known as Pop Rocks, which was patented in 1961.
  • In 1957, Mitchell patented a powdered gelatin dessert that could be set with cold water. It paved the way for quick-set Jell-O.
  • Mitchell introduced the faux whipped cream called Cool Whip in the same year.

Mitchell received about 70 patents over his career.

Not all of Mitchell's inventions were successful. Failed inventions included Dacopa, a coffee substitute made from roasted dahlia tubers, and the "dessert-on-the-stick," a thick starch-based dessert. His patented carbonated ice never became a thing.

Though some of Mitchell's inventions are still popular, his style of science foods has fallen out of favor and organic, slow food trends are taking its place.

The Body On Fasting

Food provides the cells in our bodies with their fuel: glucose. Our bodies release a certain amount of glucose into the blood and store the rest as glycogen, releasing it as needed. Once that supply is used up – after at least 12 hours without food – our fat stores are called upon.

Burning of fats actually makes the body less hungry, something which is being researched by dieticians studying metabolism. It is also observed that fasting dampens certain types of hormones, reducing the risk of breast cancer.

Restricting one’s food intake forces the body to start burning stored fat, but complete fasting is not recommended by Scientists, who advise on intermittent fasting, where only 500 to 800 calories are consumed for 2 days in a week, with the rest of the days on a normal diet.

Fasting for longer periods is not recommended without medical supervision.

The mind, as well as our gut bacteria, are positively affected by fasting. The mind is protected by reduction of amyloid proteins during fasting.

The gut bacteria or the microbiome is benefited by the many new species that start to proliferate inside our stomach.

How Scientists Study Brain Activity
  • Scientists study activity in the brain with a tool called electroencephalography ( EEG), that measures electrical signals coming from neurons.
  • The brain is not turned off while you sleep - there is a lot of activity going on, even if you’re not aware of it. You cycle through four different sleep stages, and each shows up as a different pattern on the EEG.
  • Each sleep stage is also associated with different patterns of chemicals in your brain (neurochemicals - the way brain cells use to communicate with each other).
  • One of the systems in the brain that wakes us up is the reticular activating system (RAS) - a part of your brain located just above your spinal column that acts like a gatekeeper or filter for your brain, making sure it doesn’t have to deal with more information than it can handle.
  • The RAS can sense important information and create neurochemicals that wake up other parts of the brain. It also keeps you awake throughout the day.
  • Once the RAS switch turns on, it can take some time for your whole brain and body to wake up. This is because it takes a few minutes to clear all the “sleepy” neurochemicals from your brain, which is why you may feel groggy when an alarm clock wakes you up.

When your brain is asleep, it shifts between deep and light stages. If your alarm clock goes off during a deeper stage of sleep, it takes longer for all the parts of your brain to wake up.

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