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Health

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The diets today are similar to diets of the 20th-century

Many of the fad diets we follow today share similarities with fad diets followed in the 20th century.

Early 20th-century diets emphasised low-carb and no sugar. Evidence suggested a link between obesity and mortality, causing people to focus on regulating body weight.

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Health

Wiliam Banting, an English undertaker, invented a diet in 1863 to help him lose excessive weight. The diet appeared in many health manuals and magazines and recommended people follow a high protein, low carbohydrate plan.

This diet set the trend for other popular diets at the time, such as the dry-diet that stated users should drink one pint of fluid per day, no soups, sauces, or alcohol, and to avoid pastry, puddings, white bread, potatoes and sugar.

The feminine ideal of the New Woman in the 1920s with her slim, androgynous outline and increased spending power may have pushed the popularity of diets. Home weighing scales became common, as well as diet plans and books.

Avoiding carbs was central to many popular diets. Other diets, such as the salad days or fast-day diets, focused on limiting calories.

Slimming diets decreased in popularity during wartime and rationing but thrived in the years that followed - all to have a slim, beautiful body.

As before, low-carbohydrate approaches dominated, such as the crash diet, the third-day diet, and the daffodil diet. In the 1960s, the focus was on limiting portion sizes and consuming small amounts of calories.

Popular weight-loss regimes were talked up as self-help tools for the emancipated woman. Success and inner balance required control of the body through dieting and exercise.

The link between fitness and health caused fitness studios to become popular. Low-fat foods were emphasised. The famous F plan diet emphasised eating high fibre and low calories. At the end of the 20th century, diets such as the Atkins diet returned to Banting's emphasis on lowering carb intake.

Research shows fad diets may lead to weight gain and disordered eating, but fad diets continue to be popular despite this knowledge.

Modern diets such as keto or paleo share many similarities with the low-carb, calorie-restrictive diets. While the appeal to fad diets is understandable, a balanced diet and exercising is still the best way to maintain a healthy weight.

Tinnitus: Non-Stop Ringing In The Ears
  • Tinnitus, the ringing or noise in the ears is annoying, and most of us experience it temporarily when we hear a loud noise.
  • Aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs also cause it to appear.
  • Chronic tinnitus, the one that lasts for more than six months, is a problem experienced by 50 to 60 million Americans.
  • Most cases are a personal noise experience, though other people can also hear the sound in some cases. Tinnitus is a diverse kind of problem and is more likely in older people.

The problem of tinnitus happens when our ears hair cells get damaged due to ototoxic drugs or loud noise, and the brain circuits do not receive the expected signal, stimulating abnormal activity in the neurons.

People notice their tinnitus problem in places with low external noise. About 10 percent of tinnitus patients cannot bear the sound due to its volume and seek professional help. There is no cure for tinnitus, though some minimizing is possible.

  • Most people who have chronic tinnitus also have some degree of hearing loss.
  • The inner ear, and the middle ear can get damaged due to ageing, ear wax, heavy medication or extremely loud noise.
  • Most people with Tinnitus have the problem originating at the cochlear nerve level, making it ‘sensorineural’.
  • Stress and insomnia are other common side effects of Tinnitus.
  • Drugs like certain antibiotics, Aspirin, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants can spark or worsen the ringing in the ears.

It is a good idea to minimize being around constant loud noise or use earplugs/earmuffs. For those who are experiencing tinnitus, the following options are worth noting:

  1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): A way to change a person’s awareness and behaviour to make the ringing sound less annoying.
  2. Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT): A similar therapy with advanced tools that are placed in the ear to mimic the ringing sounds.
  3. Masking: Hearing aid like devices that emit low-level white noise to mask the ringing sound.
The benefits of starting a stretching routine
  • Stress relief. Our muscles can tighten up in response to physical and emotional stress. Stretching can help relax tight muscles so we feel more relaxed ourselves. 
  • Increased flexibility. Most researchers agree that 10 to 20 seconds of stretching is enough to increase flexibility.
  • Better posture. Stretching can help encourage proper spinal alignment and reduce musculoskeletal pain, which will improve your posture. 

Aim for 5 to 15 minutes of stretching per day. And if you want to make the most of your stretching routine, it is useful to study the basics.

You're not going to be perfectly flexible after one or two sessions. It takes weeks to months to get flexible, and you’ll have to maintain it.

  • Dynamic stretching. Active movements that help your muscles and ligaments stretch by actively tightening your muscles and moving your joints through their full range of motion. 
  • Static stretching. Passive maintenance of a muscle in a position to the end of its range of motion. The position should be maintained without pain for about 30 seconds. 
  • Ballistic stretching. Repeated bounces or pushes of a muscle past its natural range of motion by using force or momentum. 
  • A little bit everyday is better than a big effort once in a while.
  • It’s easy to overdo it. Make sure you don’t always stretch the same parts of your body.
  • Stick to simple, evidence-based exercises. If you feel pain, discuss it with a doctor.
Dancing benefits
  • Studies have found that dancing can improve balance, gait, walking speed, and reaction time, as well as cognitive and fine motor performance.
  • Dancing may help people with Parkinson’s disease, which is characterized by rigid muscles, slowed movement, and impaired balance.
  • Dancing has been shown to reduce depression, anxiety, and stress and boost self-esteem, body image, coping ability, and overall sense of well-being.
  • Dancing is good for heart health and weight control.
A compulsive behavior

It involves actions a person feels driven to do over and over again.

Compulsive actions may appear to be irrational or pointless, but the individuals may feel incapable of stopping themselves.

A compulsion is an overwhelming desire to do something. An addiction is a physical or chemical dependence on a substance or behaviour.

Two key differences between compulsion and addiction:

  • Pleasure. Compulsive behaviours rarely result in feelings of pleasure. People with addictions desire the substance or behaviour because they expect to enjoy it.
  • Awareness: People with compulsive disorders are typically aware of their behaviours and bothered by the lack of logical reason for doing them. People with addictions are unaware of or unconcerned about the negative consequences of their actions.
  • Habits are repeated actions that must be consciously initiated. Eventually, the process becomes subconscious and automatic: for example, when you are brushing your teeth.
  • Unhealthy habits can become a compulsion or even an addiction. For example, the good habit of regular exercising can become an unhealthy compulsion or addiction when done in excess.

The difference between a compulsive behaviour and a habit is the ability to choose to do them.

  • Compulsive overeating is the inability to control one's amount of nutritional intake, resulting in weight gain.
  • Compulsive shopping is done to the extent that it impairs the shoppers' lives, leaving them financially unstable.
  • Compulsive checking describes the constant checking of things like locks, switches, and appliances.
  • Hoarding is the excessive saving of items and the inability to throw away any of those items.
  • Compulsive gambling is the inability to stop. It results in serious personal, financial, and social problems.

When an otherwise harmless behaviour becomes so consuming that it negatively impacts oneself or others, it may be a symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Most compulsive behaviours attributed to OCD are incredibly time-consuming, cause major distress, and impair work, relationships, or other essential functions. It can include behaviours such as eating, shopping, hoarding and animal hoarding, skin picking, and gambling.

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