"May the fourth be with you"

"May the fourth be with you" plays on the phrase in Star Wars "may the Force be with you."

"May the fourth be with you" was popularized by Margaret Thatcher and the United Kingdom's Conservative Party. On May 4, 1979, Margaret Thatcher became the first woman Prime Minister of the U.K. To celebrate, the Tories took out a newspaper ad, which stated, "May The Fourth Be With You, Maggie. Congratulations."

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Hangzhou in 12th century CE China
  • During the late Song Dynasty, with the innovation of printing and manufacturing, the Song came closer to initiating an industrial revolution than any other premodern state.
  • The Song empire became the richest on Earth through trade and industry. The capital, Hangzhou, was the wealthiest and most populous city in the world.
  • Song-era China became the first country to print paper money. It was easier to carry in large amounts than metal coins. Hangzhou served as the center of money-printing.

Centers of Progress: Hangzhou (Paper Money)


5. The School of Athens

Artist: Raphael

Completed in: 1511

This painting stands one among the four main frescos on the walls of the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican. The four frescos symbolize Philosophy, Poetry, Theology, and Law. 

This painting symbolizes philosophy and is a representation of the finest period of Greek Philosophy as one can find Aristotle and Plato in the centre of the painting. 

This painting has perfectly captured the classical spirit of the Renaissance.

10 Most Famous Paintings of The Renaissance


The Library of Alexandria
  • The ancient world's intellectual jewel was established by general Ptolemy I Soter after Alexander the Great's death in 323 B.C.
  • At its peak, it may have included over 500,000 papyrus scrolls containing works of literature and texts on history, law, mathematics, and science.
  • The library was supposedly burned in 48 B.C. after Julius Caesar accidentally set fire to Alexandria's harbour during a battle against the Egyptian ruler Ptolemy XIII.
  • However, most historians believe that it only came to an end in 270 A.D. during the reign of the Roman emperor Aurelian, while others believe it occurred during the fourth century.

8 Legendary Ancient Libraries


Hundred Years’ War

 ... was an intermittent struggle between England and France in the 14th–15th century over a series of disputes over territories & the question of the legitimate succession to the French crown:

  • As the English kings started as Dukes of Normandy, their continental territories were a constant source of conflict.
  • When the last Capet dynasty died without an heir, the English king Edward III claimed to have the rightful ruler of France over the newly Valois king, Philip the VI.

Initially, the English won quite a few battles but failed to unite England and France under one crown.

Hundred Years’ War | Summary, Causes, Effects, Combatants, Timeline, & Facts


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