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Behaviours and patterns associated with compulsive eating include food cravings, loss of self-control, continued overeating and failed attempts to stop the behaviour pattern.
Some people compulsively eat specific foods, such as highly processed foods full of carbohydrates and fats.
A food craving can be described as an intense and sometimes uncontrollable desire for a specific food. This desire can leave a person unsatisfied until they have tasted that particular food.
New research suggests it may be possible to turn off the pleasure feelings we experience from eating specific foods, reducing cravings.
Hormones get released when we are hungry: NPY and AgRP from the hypothalamus, and ghrelin from the stomach.
Ghrelin levels tend to be higher in lean individuals and lower in people with obesity. It might be that high levels of insulin, needed to metabolize a high-carbohydrate diet, are inhibiting the production of ghrelin in people with obesity.
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