The Maya believed they could use the stars, moon, and planets to know the will of the gods.
In the early 9th century CE, the Maya day keepers created astronomical tables that tracked the course of the celestial bodies. The tables are found on the walls of a unique structure at Xultun, Guatemala and in the Dresden Codex, a bark-paper book.
A solar eclipse is when the moon passes between the Earth and the sun. The moon's shadow falls on the Earth's surface and blocks out the sun's light as we see it from the Earth.
The moon crosses the Earth's orbital plane only twice a year because the moon orbits the Earth at an angle. For an eclipse to take place, the moon must be in the correct phase. For a solar eclipse, it must be a new moon.
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