The idea that food is safe to eat off the floor if you pick it up quickly is not accurate.
A study showed that in some cases, bacteria takes less than a second to transfer to food. The longer food was allowed to stay on a surface, the more bacteria was transferred to the food. The higher the moisture, the higher the risk of transfer.
Bacteria travel through moisture. Wet food like watermelon will pick up the most bacteria, while less sticky food like gummy candies picks up the least. Regarding the surface, carpet has a lower rate of bacteria transfer to food than other surfaces.
The risk of illness from eating food that has fallen on the floor will depend on factors such as prevalence, concentration and type of organism, moisture of the food, the nature of the surface, and the length of time the food was in contact with the surface.
Intermittent fasting (IF) became very popular back in 2013 with "The 8-hour diet" by David Zinczenko and Peter Moore. They claimed that eating your food within an 8-hour window would result in drastic weight loss.
Unlike other diets, IF is about limiting when you eat rather than what you eat.
Hoarding is a serious psychiatric disorder which has been witnessed by doctors for centuries, and is not some behavioural trait of otherwise normal people.
Symptoms of this disorder start from adolescence, and later become problematic.
Apart from mental issues, hoarding increases the chances of:
Stockpiling is a comparatively normal behaviour coming as a result of an event or condition that can impact the availability of a particular item.
A person anticipates the shortage of something in the future, and reserves it in case it is needed later.
Panic Buying is more of an impulsive, reaction which is usually temporary and is mainly the anxiety which is felt due to an impending future event or crisis.
It includes buying huge quantities of.. toilet paper too. It also involves going into ‘survival mode’ and scavenging during an ongoing crisis.
Meditation or mindfulness is not a uniform, unchanging process, but a highly subjective one, having unique effects on different individuals.
New experiments using machine learning dive deep into the brain, breath and body states during the various stages of meditation, helping the machine learning program recognize internal attention brain networks during breath attention, mind wandering, or thinking about the past.
Extensive experimentation recording more than 2000 brain patterns per person led to certain insights which were not possible before.
It is the process of being fully present with your thoughts, being aware of your surroundings and not reactive to what is going on around you.
Although some prefer to sit in a quiet place while focusing on their breathing, mindfulness meditation can be done anywhere.
The goal of this technique is to achieve inner peace without concentration or effort.
A person is assigned a mantra to repeat in a specific way. It is practiced 20 minutes twice each day while sitting comfortably with eyes closed.
It is also called visualization or guided imagery, where you form mental pictures or situations that you find relaxing.
It is commonly led by a guide, and practitioners are encouraged to use as many senses as possible to evoke calmness.
The goal of this ancient Indian form of meditation is self-transformation through self-observation.
It is typically taught during a 10-day course, and students are expected to follow a set of rules throughout the entirety of the time, including abstaining from all intoxicants, telling lies, stealing, sexual activity, and killing any species.
... or Loving Kindness Meditation is the practice of directing well-wishes toward others to evoke warm-hearted feelings.
It is practiced while sitting in a comfortable, relaxed position, breathing deeply and repeating well-wishes toward yourself first, then circling out toward others, ending with a universal mantra.
Chakra meditation is made up of relaxation techniques focused on bringing balance and well-being to the centers of energy and spiritual power in the body.
Some techniques include visually picturing each chakra in the body and its corresponding color.
It involves performing a series of postures and controlled breathing exercises meant to promote flexibility and calm the mind.
Practitioners are encouraged to focus less on distractions and stay more in the moment.
We cannot be expected to hold on to all the information we have accumulated in our lives, at all times.
As we age, memory slips usually become common and can be embarrassing as well as stressful. Some amount of memory lapse is normal and does not automatically mean that one is having dementia.
Insomnia, anxiety, depression and various mental health issues can lead to memory loss, as well as a decline in other cognitive skills like attention, language, and executive function.
The many memory-related problems are absent-mindedness, blocking of a certain piece of information, fading memories, and incorrect recall.
... by a set of criteria and habits known as DANCERS:
D: Disease Management by maintaining your weight along with blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar.
A: Activities like walking, swimming or exercising at the gym.
N: Nutrition of the body, with focus on whole fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy fats.
C: Cognitive engagement and challenges to your brain.
E: Engagement, social interaction and avoiding isolation.
R: Relaxing your mind, by yoga and mediation
S: Sleeping properly, adequately and in a fixed schedule, while avoiding electronic devices in those hours.
Sometimes a piece of information is stuck in our minds but is not getting recalled. We know the information but cannot label it or remember the actual name.
This can be helped to an extent by associating a piece of information (like a person’s name) to something that can help trigger the recall. Connecting the name to a similar name, or a celebrity name, or even a song, helps us remember.
Certain facts or events simply fade from our minds, something known as transience. The brain cannot store all information infinitely.
The way to label the information as important, so that the brain keeps it for long, is to make it emotionally charged, making it feel important and worth hanging on to. It also helps to revisit the memory.
We often jumble up the information, a common error known as misattribution, when we recognize someone incorrectly or swap pieces of information.
The way to handle this is to write down important details on the fly, or aid recall by recording voice notes or clicking pictures/videos.
On a side note, do not share any personal information on the phone or the internet, as many scamsters exploit this failure to recall, and try to gain information.
Depression is a serious mental illness and can be overlooked by friends and family because the depressed person expends precious energy just to camouflage the problem.
Depression is like a chameleon for therapists as it has different manifestations for different individuals based on their age, gender and a cocktail of other emotional issues that form a unique package.
The common treatments of depression are antidepressant medications and therapy, which has a large relapse rate.
However, if mindfulness is part of the treatment, the relapse rate declines. What is being pointed out is that mindfulness is effective when it is part of a treatment, and not so much on its own.
This is a therapeutic treatment combining cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and mindfulness practices. MBCT helps the depressed person understand that 1) Thoughts are not facts; and 2) Depression is not to be identified with.
MBCT takes care of our behavioural patterns as well as our thought patterns, making the treatment a thorough approach towards depression, taking care of the mind and body.
Shame is that uncomfortable sensation we feel in our stomach when we realize our irrationality and cannot run away from the judging eye of other people. It usually happens when we violate the social norms that we and the community we live in, value.
Shame is a universal emotion, its affect on mental health and behaviour are not fully known, and new studies point out that it has a strong link with depression.
We hold on to different kinds of memories.
By studying people with amnesia, it seems that short-term and long-term memories don't form in precisely the same way, nor do declarative and procedural memories.
Memories are held within groups of neurons called cell assemblies. They fire as a group in response to a specific stimulus, such as recognising your friend's face.
The more neurons fire together, the more the interconnection of the cells strengthen. We experience the nerves' collective activity as a memory.
For a short-term memory to become a long-term memory, it must be strengthened for long-term storage. The process is called memory consolidation and occurs using several processes.
Long-term potentiation consists of individual nerves changing themselves to grow and talk to their neighboring nerves differently. The remodeling modifies the nerve's connections, which makes the memory stable.
When we recall a memory, many parts of the brain share information, including regions that do high-level information processing, regions that deal with our senses' new inputs, and the region that help coordinate the process, the medial temporal lobe.