Chronic overthinkers rehash conversations they had yesterday, second-guess every decision they make and imagine disastrous outcomes all day every day.
Thinking too much prevents them from getting anything done. And it wreaks havoc on their mood.
Overthinking often involves two destructive thought patterns--ruminating and incessant worrying.
Overthinking can become such a habit that you don't even recognize when you're doing it. Practice paying attention.
When you're overthinking past or future events, acknowledge that your thoughts aren't productive. Thinking is only helpful when it leads to positive action.
Remember that your emotions will interfere with your ability to look at situations objectively.
Take a step back and look at the evidence. What evidence do you have that your thought is true? What evidence do you have that your thought isn't true?
Incorporate 20 minutes of "thinking time" into your daily schedule. During that time period let yourself worry, ruminate, or mull over whatever you want. When your time is up, move onto something else.
When you start overthinking things outside of your scheduled thinking time, simply remind yourself that you'll need to wait until your "thinking time" to address those issues in your mind.
It's impossible to rehash yesterday or worry about tomorrow when you're living in the present.
Mindfulness will help you become more aware of the here and now.
Telling yourself to stop thinking about something will backfire.
Change the channel in your brain by changing your activity. Exercise, engage in conversation on a completely different subject, or work on a project that distracts you.
There are two stages to this method:
Benefits of this technique: you will be able to memorize so many essay plans by the time your exam is due, that a lot of these will come up at the exam anyway (or similar ones, so you'll have the possibility to compile bits of the memorized information to generate great essays from scratch).
There are aspects questions to keep in mind at this stage:
The three things that count:
The introduction is the essential part because you are signaling to the examiner that you are doing all these things.
The objective of this stage is to transfer all your essay plans into your brain so that you can use them later during the exam.
This is the last step towards effective memorization and it involves systematic spaced repetition. You can do it by using a retrospective timetable.
This technique involves creating a spreadsheet that starts with a list of subjects, topics or essays that you have put together and then inputting the dates on which you study those areas as well as color code the system to provide a visual representation as to which areas we might need to cover again.This method will give you an image of your progress and an overview of how well you know your essays.
Leaders understand the complexity of making decisions. Their decisions must always align with these three dimensions:
To no one's surprise, these elements come into dispute from time to time. When this occurs, there are no simple answers but by closely considering these three aspects, leaders will go on confidently that the choices they make represent the best possible compromise between their values.
Being able to comprehend who you are and what kind of leader you are is important to cover the three dimensions of making decisions.
To know who you are as a leader try asking yourself these:
As a leader it is also important to check whether the problem that you are currently facing has been faced by other before. By researching about the answer given by the company and what was the public's opinion regarding it.
You should be able to identify whether the decision you are about to make will fully align with your ethics, moral, and role responsibilities. Is there a need to adjust anything from your perspective? Always make sure to evaluate yourself before doing anything rash.
Once you've gotten to know who you are as a leader and you've evaluated you decision. It is time to strategize a way on how you'll be able to reveal your decision.
You need to keep in mind that there will be times where you have to stand your ground with the decision. Acknowledge that you should sort out all the inconsistencies that could happen when communicating. It is important to make sure that the audience will be able to understand the why's and the how's.
After making a big decision it is crucial to ask yourself:
Allow yourself to reconcile any inconsistencies and any dilemmas you might still have within yourself. Understand that you are allowing yourself to explore your own decision-making thought process which can make you a better decision maker to the next challenge you face.
Self-control is a key component of emotional intelligence, yet in a study where two million people were asked to rank order their strengths in 24 different skills, self-control ended up in the very bottom slot.
Most people do not realize that being persistent is a virtue in a creative process.
A person’s first ideas are rarely their most creative ones, as one generally goes through a lengthy brainstorming process, and has to list out and shaft through a large number of nominations.
This is a fallacy where one assumes that their creativity is diminishing with each output.
As the modern workforce faces never-before-seen challenges, it is crucial to harness the creativity of the employees by setting the right expectations of the creative process and to empower them to generate more ingenious ideas.
A manager should educate their subordinates/team members that their reservoir of ideas will keep flowing and they should not believe that they are now running out of ideas.
They should be encouraged to push their cognitive boundaries and look for innovative connections.
There are several ways to give creativity a boost:
Biophilic design is a concept of using both direct and indirect exposure to nature to increase wellbeing.
Leading up to 2020, biophilic design was a major office trend. Amazon introduced spherical conservatories to its Seattle headquarters, and Facebook created a 3.6-acre rooftop garden at its Silicon Valley hub. Due to the pandemic, remote workers can bring the concept back home with them and create a work environment with their own wellbeing in mind.
Phillophilic design is about bringing nature in all its forms, including patterns, materials, shapes, spaces, smells, sights, and sounds, into the urban design on varying scales.
Adding greenery is the most obvious starting point. Other additions are light and colour. Natural light supports the circadian rhythms of the body, which regulate our sleep-wake cycle and hormones. Earth tones can also have an array of positive psychological and physiological effects. However, colours should represent a healthy nature such as forest greens, sky blues, or savannah browns. Look outside and see how you can bring those colours inside.
Objects that move in a constant and unpredictable motion improve blood pressure and heart rate and positively affect the sympathetic nervous system.
This can be incorporated into the home office by adding waving grass outside a window or a fishbowl on a desk. Other relics to add are seashells, geometric forms, or stones.
When things start to feel cluttered, you may have gone overboard.
Taking walks in nature may add to the multisensory benefits, but most spend more than 90% of their time indoors, which creates an urgency to bring nature inside.
The ability to hold two opposing ideas in mind can be applied in many decision-making scenarios, thinking processes and negotiation techniques.
This approach to thinking can prevent you from jumping to conclusions when faced with a difficult situation.
Be open to other ideas besides your own thinking model.
Understanding and empathizing with both sides of an issue, idea or thought, allows you to make strategic decisions in life and business.
Look at things from different perspectives and use them to strengthen your capacity for thought.
With infinite options come increased choices. More choices mean more decisions. However, choice overload makes you question your decisions. This leads to decision fatigue and can cause you to get stuck in negative cycles. You may constantly question the decisions you’ve made and be left wondering what could have been.
Instead of inviting more choices, you need discernment and confidence to close more doors until you're unaware of them.
The best decision-makers purposefully avoid almost all of the options available.
To commit to one decision means closing the door on everything else. It takes confidence to say, "This is what I'm serious about. I can't be distracted by everyone else's noise and agendas." If you're serious about achieving goals, you must create an environment that shields you from other noise.
Strategic ignorance is not about being closed-minded. It's knowing what you want.
It's realizing how easy a person can be derailed. You even avoid amazing situations that you know is really a distraction. You create boundaries and live your priorities and values and dreams.
Hypostatization is also known as Concretism, or Reification and is a fallacy of ambiguity, where an abstract belief is treated as if it’s real and concrete.
It involves giving substance or attributing real existence to mental constructs, concepts and unproven theories.
The Hypostatization Fallacy can be explained by studying the following statement: “The government has a hand in everybody's business and another in every person's pocket. By limiting such governmental pickpocketing, we can limit its incursions on our freedom.”
This assumes that the government is a person, having desires like humans, and can ‘loot’ us like a robber. The fact that is ignored is that the Government is not an entity by itself, but a collection of people. The metaphor of ‘pickpocketing’ also conjures a visual image of a pickpocket, evoking an emotional reaction.
Metaphors can become fallacies as they are taken too far, used too often, or understood mistakenly in the literal sense.
How we describe anything is very powerful as words and language can create lasting impressions in our minds. Language creates a smokescreen that interferes with our impression of reality.