The word "pyt" was recently voted the most popular word by Danes. Pyt is a cultural concept about fostering healthy thoughts to deal with stress.
Pyt is normally used as an interjection in reaction to a daily frustration or a mistake. In English, we would say "Don't worry about it, or "Oh, well." If Danes have a mishap, they may say "pyt", which is about accepting and resetting.
Studies reveal that we are happier when we have fewer daily frustrations. What we consider frustrations can be tied to how we interpret what's happening to us.
Pyt can help people avoid the tendency to blame others. By saying "pyt," you're deciding not to let the actions of others bother you. But, you wouldn't say "pyt" in response to a problem that you ought to take responsibility for.
While letting go can be encouraged by doing things like walking in nature, meditation, exercising, or keeping a journal, you can always get a pyt button.
Danish teachers use pyt buttons to teach children to let go of more minor frustrations. The pyt button has become popular among Danish adults, that, when pressed, says "pyt pyt pyt" and "breathe deeply, it will all be okay" in Danish.
Journaling can help with personal growth and development. By regularly recording your thoughts, you will gain insight into your behaviors and moods.
Journaling can be used for problem-solving and stress reduction. It’s been proven to improve mental and physical health.
When we meet new people, we may be tempted to ask what they do. We use the idea that our identity is linked to what we do.
What's more revealing are the psychological requirements and consequences of jobs - the mindset the job creates and how it limits us.
Instead of categorising jobs in terms of what you do, we can group it in terms of the psychological profile - the traits of human nature they weaken or reinforce.
When we are in a particular psychological environment, it will influence what we assume other people are like and shapes who we are over time.
An environment where compromise feels natural can broaden a person who has been over-invested in asserting their own views.
But work can also narrow our characters. A school administrator might be very good at reorganising the personnel roster but may be baffled if you ask what education is for.
We have to ask in what fundamental ways our own character have been shaped (for better or worse) by our work.
When we consider how work shapes a person, we should not be so quick to blame other people for the way they are. Perhaps their job has made them so nervous, angry, or dull. Our identities are vulnerable to our jobs, and that may open the doorway for pity.
The reason we like fireworks so much: they scare us.
After seeing these light-up shows over and over again, our brains anticipate the bang that comes after the flashes of light. That's unlike a thunderstorm in which we know thunder follows lightning, but when or how loud the next boom will be is out of our control.
This also explains why these celebratory pyrotechnics often terrify dogs. While we know a sound is coming after the firework takes flight, dogs are caught off guard by the sudden, loud noise.
Fireworks might be especially mesmerizing to us because of their novelty.
As we watch these magnificent pyrotechnic stars explode, we’re exposed to injections of color we don’t normally see.
Often manifesting as techniques for faster reading, nowadays, there is a mass illusion that reading many books by itself can bring about change into someone’s life.
Many try to do it as fast as they can ignoring the fact that taking your time to process a book, or even rereading it, is important to extract and remember its wisdom, or to have fun.
We can only get good at chess by loving it.
Every game should teach you something. Play people better than you and be prepared to lose. Then you will learn.
Start to set out the pawns, then add the pieces. Understand how a pair of bishops can dominate the board, or how rooks can take pawns in an endgame.
Once you know the basics, start using computers and online resources to play and analyse games. Don't just play against the computer - find human opponents online or in person.
Find a player you identify with and follow their careers, such as Bobby Fisher, Morphy, Alekhine, Capablanca, Tal, Korchnoi, Shirov, and other legendary figures.
They also have fascinating life stories you can get familiar with.
A serious player should join their local chess club. Players can also keep their brains active online, but beware that some online players are likely to be cheating, making it hard for you to assess your play.
If you want to start playing over the board tournaments, you will need to join the chess federation in your country. After a certain number of official games, you will get a rating and can then start being paired with players of your own strength.
Some people do the least to get just enough benefit. They can work hard, but only for a short amount of time. They always procrastinate with everything from cleaning to their job.
Doing the bare minimum at the last minute isn't lazy. It is a choice.
You make messiness and procrastination part of your identity when you don't want to do something you have to do and use the excuse that it is just "who you are."
For example, you want to clean up after yourself, but you also don’t want to clean up, and then think, "This is me. Yes, I’m a lazy, procrastinating mess.”
As long as you're conflicted about your preferences and the ways you've chosen to identify yourself, you have a problem.
It could be that you don't want to disappoint yourself and clearing the lowest hurdles possible. You are choosing a lifestyle of avoidance and low expectations.
Don't use other people's wrong observations as your own personal guide. “She hates to read!” “He’s lazy!” “She’s bad at math!”
Figure out who you are without falling back on everyone else's idea of who you are supposed to be.
List everything you think you are afraid of and reexamine it. You have to dare to see that these things you think you are, aren't actually that profound or rooted in anything you care about.
What do you value? Look outside of the limited confines of other people's narratives about you. You might not be an introvert or a slacker. Maybe you're someone who wants to live out loud and avoid the little tasks that make up a life. Don't look at your past failures to answer the question. What do you want to become?
You'll dislike the hard work at first because you'll tell yourself you dislike hard work. What you're feeling is not dislike. It's fear. Fear of failure. You're afraid to disappoint.
Clear your future of bad messages and dumb stories. You're not a sloth. You're ready to move forward. What happens next is entirely your choice.
Charles Dickens popularised the term boredom in 1853. Boredom became particularly popular in English Victorian writing in describing the life of the upper class, where boredom was indicating a privileged social standing.
In the second part of the 19th century and the early 20th century boredom was less flattering and one that confronted everybody, not just the upper class. According to Arthur Schopenhauer, boredom was evidence of the lack of purpose and meaning in life.
In the 20th century, psychologists gained an understanding of many emotions, but boredom was left alone. In 1972, psychoanalyst Erich Fromm declared boredom as "the most important source of aggression and destructiveness today."
The image of boredom changed again in the past few decades and with it, an appreciation of the emotion.
Thus, it seems that boredom helps regulate our behaviour and stops us from getting stuck in unrewarding situations.
The Acropolis is a distinctive feature of today's Athens that was built in the 5th century BCE. It is a cluster of buildings on a rocky outcrop. The famous Parthenon temple on the Acropolis was built to honor Athena and to serve the city's treasury.
Athens during the 5th century BCE was lively. The heart of Athens was its marketplace, or Agora (a place where people gather.) The structures surrounding the Agora's market stalls included stone benches, various altars, and temples, a building named the Aiakeion where laws and legal decisions were displayed, and various stoas or covered porticos.
Athens was an unusually open society. It was open to foreign goods, foreigners that were able to attain high-status roles, and the exchange of strange ideas.
Athens borrowed many ideas, such as the Phoenician alphabet, Egyptian medicine and sculpture techniques, Babylonia mathematics, and Sumerian literature, and then improved upon it.
Slavery was prevalent throughout the ancient world. Most of the enslaved people in Athens were from abroad, often captured in conflicts from farther north.
However, boundaries were often blurred between enslaved and free people. Some persons classified as slaves gathered great wealth, while some free people were poor.
Research shows that lucky charms have real, positive effects. But unlucky things have their own kind of power.
The story behind a physical item we own matters. From living spaces to engagement rings to clothing, we tend to take hold of the stories behind the item as if we will follow a similar outcome.
There are generally three ways we give luck to an object.
According to research, secondhand engagement rings are much less likely to sell if the listing indicated that the previous owner had been through a divorce or a broken engagement. One explanation is that we believe that various properties can be transmitted through contact.
Sometimes, you create the story yourself. The item has to be prominent in the situation. But if the item is branded as unlucky, it's hard to forget the association.