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Layla G

@laylag14

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  • Label Your Emotions: There are times that you might feel different emotions. Pay attention to what's really going on inside you to help you take a lot of sting out of that emotion.
  • Reframe Your Thoughts: Emotions affect the way you perceive events. Reframing your thoughts helps you to develop a more realistic view.
  • Engage in a Mood Booster: Do not be drowned in negativeness, take a positive action if you want to feel better.

@laylag14

How to Control Your Emotions so Your Emotions Don't Control You

inc.com

Mood Control = Positive Outlook

Emotions are powerful and managing it is tough at times. But by gaining control over them makes you mentally stronger.

You'll gain confidence in your ability to handle discomfort while also knowing that you can make healthy choices that shift your mood.

Wilhelm Wundt
  • He was the first founder of the psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig which marked the official beginning of psychology as an independent science;
  • Has many beliefs and theories but was heavily misunderstood by some due to the language barrier. His student, Edward Bradford Titchener propagated many misconceptions about his works.

9 Pioneers Who Helped Mold the History of Psychology

psychcentral.com

William James
  • He earned his medical degree at Harvard University back in 1869 but never practiced medicine;
  • He taught at Harvard in 1873 for physiology and was the first to offer the course "physiological psychology";
  • He is popularly known for his number of theories such as: theory of the self, the James-Lange theory of emotion, pragmatic theory of truth, and the two-stage model of free will;
  • Also contributed significantly to the philosophy of religion
Edward Thorndike
  • Recognized for his contributions in psychometrics;
  • His work was focused on the development of the field of educational psychology - this is the branch that focuses on studying how people take in knowledge in order to further develop educational materials and approaches for teaching;
  • He is also known for his puzzle box experiments with animals.
Sigmund Freud
  • He is well-known as the "father of psychoanalytic theory";
  • He has contributed tremendously to psychoanalysis in the late 1890s because of his deep-rooted fascination to the study of the mind;
  • Due to the increasing number of his following in the early 1900s, it resulted to the meeting of the first International Psychoanalytic Congress in 1908.
B.F. Skinner
  • Burrhus Frederic Skinner is known for his work on operant conditioning - it is a form of behavior modification that helps elaborate and alter certain behaviors.
  • He is also famously known for his experimentation using a condition chamber or commonly known as the "Skinner Box". The Skinner Box led to the formation of theories about ideal reward reinforcement schedules.
Mary Whiton Calkins
  • Widely known for her research about the self;
  • She understood the importance of self-psychology and that it should be a part of scientific research;
  • Despite her contribution to Harvard, the university did not confer degrees to women during that time;
  • She has published four books and more than 100 articles in psychology and philosophy;
  • She was also elected president of the APA and she also established her own psychology lab in the United States.
Alfred Binet
  • He was a French psychologist who partially contributed to the formation of IQ test - the objective measurement for intelligence;
  • He studied physiology after getting his law degree in 1878, then worked at a neurological clinic in Paris in 1880s, then pursued a long term career in research and became a director of the Sorbonne; and
  • Has published over 200 books and articles on diverse subject matters;
Ivan Pavlov
  • In contrast to what people think, Pavlov was a Russian physiologist who quit priesthood to pursue science;
  • Famously known for his theory of classical conditioning - where an external stimuli can have direct influence in a behavioral response;
  • He won a Nobel prize for his work.
Harry Harlow
  • He studied the behavior of monkeys in a laboratory environment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison;
  • His researched proved his hypothesis that "human infants needed similar contact from their mothers" correct when baby monkeys showed that they needed more than mere sustenance to thrive. They needed contact comfort.
  • His contribution continues to be an influential breakthrough in parenting styles up to date.
Theories on how the Moon formed

Before the Apollo mission research, there were three theories about how the Moon formed.

  1. Capture theory suggests that the Moon was a wandering body that was captured by Earth's gravity as it passed nearby.
  2. Accretion theory suggests that the Moon was created along with Earth at its formation.
  3. The fission scenario proposes that the Earth spun so fast that some material broke away and began to orbit the planet.

Today, the giant-impact theory is widely accepted. It proposes that Earth and a small planet collided. The debris from this impact collected in orbit around Earth to form the Moon.

How did the Moon form?

nhm.ac.uk

The Apollo mission brought back rock and soil from the Moon. It showed that the Earth and Moon share chemical and isotopic similarities, suggesting a linked history.

The minerals on the Moon contain less water than similar terrestrial rocks. The Moon has material that forms quickly at a high temperature.

The giant-impact model suggests that, in the Earth's early history, the proto-Earth and Theia (a Mars-sized planet) collided and reformed as one body. A small part of the new mass spun off to become the Moon.

Some suggest that early Earth and Theia came from the same neighbourhood as the solar system was forming and were made of similar materials.

If you look at the lunar surface, it seems pale grey with dark splodges.

The pale grey is a rock named anorthosite. It forms as molten rock cools down. The dark areas are another rock type called basalt. Basalt is the most common surface on all inner planets in our solar system and can be found on the ocean floor.

How Fashion Trends Start

For decades, fashion trends typically were started through the method of fashion house to magazine to consumer.

In our current Internet world, things have changed. Fashion houses still impact the way fashion trends start, but other sources also play a role. Fashion trends now evolve through five key ways: From the runway, through street style, celebrities, fashion bloggers, and different fashion capitals globally.

How Do Fashion Trends Start?

womens-fashion.lovetoknow.com

Runway Trends

Many of the current trends are inspired by the looks that designers send down the runways each season during Fashion Week events in New York, Milan, and Paris.

One reason runways inspire trends is that runway looks are moments created by fashion designers that are fantastical. People wait for many of the pieces in anticipation because they are typically over-the-top designs that look like they came from a dream.

Celebrities are the biggest driving force in trend creation.

Companies often turn to celebrities to be spokespeople for their brands and products because celebrities are highly influential. They have a huge fan base and consequently a bigger reach than the latest fashion magazine.

Fashion trends vary all over the world. People often look out of their geographic area to trend-source for a unique newness.

Trends from fashion capitals of the world - New York City, Paris, Milan, and London - are seen through a different set of eyes that enable fashion lovers to bring something new to their world.

Street style refers to everyday looks seen on the streets. These looks make an impact on the people who pass them by.

Reasons street style inspires trends:

  • The looks are usually easier to recreate.
  • People are inclined to follow the trend of an 'everyday person' because they think they can easily pull it off themselves.

Fashion bloggers have proven to the masses that they have great taste. They are the creators of fashion trends, not followers. They offer a fresh perspective on the fashion industry that is loved and respected by their readers.

Designers turn to fashion bloggers to help promote their products. Fashion bloggers set trends by styling the garments in various ways, photographing themselves and sharing the images to their large audiences.

  • Less is More.
  • Eliminate the Unessential.
  • Live in the Moment.
  • Organize your time and set meaningless activites aside.
  • Purpose: have a direction, to discover your passion and pursue it, to define your goals, dreams, and desires.
  • Individualism. Grow as an individual, take your own decisions, follow your path, choose for yourself and don’t try to answer other people’s expectations.

A New Philosophy of Living: The Principles of Minimalism and Simplicity

letsreachsuccess.com

Radio transformed American politics

For centuries, people had read politicians' words. On Nov. 2, 1920, the first broadcast from a licensed radio station was broadcasting the results of that year's presidential election.

Radio made it possible to listen to politicians in real-time. It meant that personalities started to matter more; the way their voices sounded made a difference. Their ability to engage and entertain became crucial components.

100 years ago, the first commercial radio broadcast announced the results of the 1920 election – politics would never be the same

theconversation.com

In 1964, media theorist Marshall McLuhan said that "the medium is the message," meaning that the kind of medium through which a message is transmitted matters more than its content.

For centuries, the primary medium for mass political news was the printed word. Political candidates were expected to participate in a series of debates that were attended by thousands, but millions followed the debates through newspaper accounts. By the 1930s, politicians could address citizens directly through radio. McLuhan described the radio as a "hot" medium because speeches could incite passions.

Once television arrived, the political strategy shifted toward using entertainment to get the attention of voters.

In the 1952 election, the Eisenhower campaign started working with ad agencies and actors to create the candidate's TV personality. An enhanced image became the key to political power.

Today, social media further transforms political discourse from reasoned argument to attention-grabbing images and memes.

McLuhan once said that the politician will be too happy to abdicate in favour of his image because the image will be so much more powerful than he will ever be. Some regard modern politics as a fulfilling of McLuhan's prophecy. Democratic societies that neglect the effects of the new forms of media on the quality of political arguments do so at their own peril.

Changing Your Identity

We mistakenly attempt to change our habits while keeping our core identity. As we play our different roles, we have to switch to different identities, like a father, teacher, reader, speaker and entrepreneur.

One can derive many benefits from making this powerful subtle change of changing one’s mindset about who we are, a more focussed and intentional process.

The Subtle Power of Changing Your Identity

zenhabits.net

  1. Changing your identity will automatically lead you to discard some behaviours that are not associated with that identity, helping you stop smoking or eating meat, for example.
  2. Your behaviour will align with the behaviour of the chosen identity.
  3. You will not have to lecture yourself every day about your motivations.
  4. You will be surprised about the many old beliefs about your abilities suddenly vanishing.
  5. The mindset change will bring new growth and new possibilities.
  1. The best and fastest way to change your identity is to do it intentionally and consciously.
  2. Visualize yourself as the person in the new identity, like a writer, a minimalist, a non-smoker or a vegan, and write down the same to reflect on it.
  3. Get into action mode and see yourself being the new person, like getting up in the morning and witnessing yourself wearing the running shoes and going out for a run. See yourself in your new identity while in action.
  4. Appreciate and reinforce your new identity on yourself and be the change. See how easy it is to be an early riser or a runner or a writer.
  5. If you miss a day or two, don’t give up and visualize yourself as the new identity handling the disruption.
Our Image In A Professional Setting

In a professional setting, our identity is largely governed by the perception of our peers, colleagues and bosses,

Our ‘image’ depends on how they measure the impact of our behaviour and actions, how our character is perceived and how we are compared with others. We cultivate our image as what others think about us matters more than we would like to think.

How to Curate Your Digital Persona

hbr.org

People who want to hire us, invest in our companies or collaborate with us increasingly look at our digital footprints on LinkedIn, Facebook, Google and Twitter to ‘profile’ us.

As we go more and more online, the way we are perceived digitally, in our display pictures, zoom videos, emails and social media provides a mountain of data for humans, and machines to make judgements about our personal and professional attributes.

As companies and individuals access our digital avatars and make their judgements, we have the ability to curate them and tell them a story that we want them to hear.

We need to understand the algorithms that are formulated to identify signals and patterns, and ‘hack’ them to our advantage.

  • Your tone of voice can make others guess your truthfulness and even health. One can practice speaking in a way that is appealing and professional.
  • The words we say or write can be easily analysed through AI software and create a full character profile of us. What we write will become our avatars language and personality.
  • Our social media posts can be analyzed for quality, content and a whole spectrum of information can be dug about our beliefs, behaviour and preferences.
Susan David
“Being positive has become a new form of moral correctness.”

Why we should say no to positivity — and yes to our negative emotions

ideas.ted.com

Suppressing or avoiding our difficult emotions is not healthy or helpful.

Doing this impairs our capacity to deal with the world as it is, not as we wish it to be. And this leads to lower levels of resilience, lower levels of wellbeing, and higher levels of depression and anxiety.

Labeling difficult emotions

An important way of dealing with a difficult emotion is to label it effectively.

Labeling your emotions more accurately helps you understand the cause of those emotions and triggers your ability to set goals and to make real concrete changes.

Identify your emotions with compassion.

Compassion allows you to foster a safe space inside of you, a space in which you feel capable of taking more risks: you’re ready to analyze and explore the world and you know that if things don’t go right, everything is still ok.

Create space between you and what you’re feeling and act as an observer by naming all the aspects of your experience.

Don't identify with your emotions. Doing this puts you in charge rather than the emotion.

Essentialism

Essentialism is not the same as minimalism, which states that "less is more." Essentialism is defined as "Less but better."

It helps you navigate a distracting world by focusing on things that are important to you. If something is not important, you eliminate it.

What is Essentialism and How You Can Benefit from It

lifehack.org

One of the many reasons we feel so overwhelmed is because we say yes to far too many things. It leaves you in a difficult place of committing to something you didn't want in the first place.

It's better to say, "let me get back to you".

Focus on a single "priority," not on multiple "priorities." The key to living an essential life is understanding what your priority is. Is it your family? Your career? Your hobby?

You will know your real priority once you know what you want out of life.

Because essentialism reduces your commitments to only the essential, it puts you in control of your day.

Many people allow others to take control of their day, e.g., colleagues requesting them to do this or that. When you know what is important to you, your day becomes your day. This involves having to say "no" more than you say yes. In time, others will also start to respect your time more. You will get to accomplish your priority in higher quality, which earns you more respect than trying to do everything.

Anything you want to achieve is made up of small steps that you consistently take over time.

If you want to write a daily journal, it is better to set a small goal of five sentences per day, than to believe that you have to write a thousand or more words per day. Over a week, you may not have much to show, but over many years, you will have enough for a novel.

Find out what is essential to you, and build them into your daily routines. Your routines will drive you towards accomplishing what you want to accomplish.

If you run around doing everyone else's work, you will not be able to achieve anything for yourself.

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