A common motivation dip is the performance plateau, when the quick and easy gains are over and done with, and slowly the momentum to keep your motivation diminishes. This feels like you have reached some sort of limit, and most people take it as a cue to settle down, and consequently stop improving.
Going beyond the plateau of contentment is crucial to hitting big goals.
A popular training program among newbies at the gym is the ‘starting strength’, where the routine and techniques change every few days or weeks, in order to avoid plateaus and maximize strength gains.
It helps to switch and mix up the exercise and uses the theory of constraints to avoid any particular muscle group becoming a bottleneck.
Thinking from first principles is not a new idea. It's actually the single most consistent factor among great thinkers.
For example, Aristotle believed that you could not possess true knowledge without first understanding the first principles. He thought that everything could be divided into categories and sub-categories (the smallest of them being the equivalent for first principles).
An empiricist is a person that believed all true knowledge is based and obtained through experience.
The process of seeking knowledge through experience and making use of reason to give it structure it how we can find the first principles of a subject.
If every part is remarkable, then the total is remarkable.
Write down and organize information. Create hierarchies and mind maps.
Most ideas are nested outside or inside one another. You have to learn to map out how these ideas are linked.
Use plain language. The more fluent you are with real emotional language, the more clearly you will be able to think about how you’re feeling.
Get used to the idea of emotional complexity. When we feel upset, we're not feeling one single emotion. We are usually experiencing a blend of many emotions.
Training ourselves to look for and see this emotional complexity is key to better understanding ourselves when we’re upset and moving on in a healthy way.
Practice distinguishing how you feel physically from how you feel emotionally. Because many negative emotional states develop out of a misinterpretation of a physical feeling.
It’s dangerous to assume that physical feelings and emotional feelings are always related. Sometimes a headache is just a headache.
Emotions don’t actually last very long. It’s in the nature of emotions to be intense but fleeting:
We all tend to have a particular emotion that they’re especially afraid of and try to avoid.
Identifying your own personal emotional kryptonite is important because many of our bad decisions and ill-advised behaviors are actually the results of trying to avoid particularly uncomfortable emotions.
The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the mind's tendency to overestimate one’s own knowledge or competence and to underestimate one’s own ignorance. It usually occurs when the information is unknown to us, with one peculiar complication: The information that something is unknown to us is also unknown to us.
The Dunning-Kruger Effect is essentially a meta-layer of ignorance. Example: drivers who pride themselves as being competent and safe drivers making highly unsafe driving errors.
Most people have information in all these four types, making each brain a combination of a labyrinth and a jigsaw puzzle.
We are heavily blind-spotted with regards to our unknown unknowns as we continue to believe our own rhetoric and start to project it on others.
Our delusion is further complicated by the fact that even if people point to us our problem, we are unable to believe them, due to our lack of emotional awareness.
To overcome the paradox of overcoming our own ignorance is itself a contradiction due to the fact that we need to look for something that we cannot see.
This is the same contradiction experienced by any conspiracy theorist: The basic premise of their belief (even if it is right) is based on zero-reasoning and the foundation that only they are the reasonable ones.
As most people do not like ambiguity and uncertainty, they are much more comfortable in knowing something even if it is completely false.
Knowing something wrong is better than nothing, as our beliefs let us make sense of the world, which is subjective by every measure.
If people are made to develop certain basic and related skills, including foundational understanding in an objective way, they perform better at certain tasks.
Being aware of the blindspots that one can have, the emotional awareness that one may not have, or about the nature of Dunning-Kruger Effect can help individuals who are already aware to some extent that they might not be the centre of the universe after all.
Whether it is deciding what to watch on TV, or which job offer to accept, Fobo (Fear of better options) can affect anyone.
A Fobo-afflicted person may not make a decision due to wanting complete information or simply be overwhelmed with the daunting options.
Sophisticated apps and social media only accelerate FOBO, giving us unlimited options. We are unable to decide due to a constant flow of new plans, events, invitations or commitments.
Maximisers compare everything before making a decision, setting very high standards and expectations for themselves.
They often feel disappointed with their final decision after making it.
Satisficers are the ones that make "good enough" decisions, have modest expectations and are generally happier and more satisfied after making their decision.
Nowadays, we do not have the luxury of secure jobs, political stability or affordable housing like past generations. And we often exercise our control in different ways, like relying on planners, which help us with feeling less anxious.
Paper planners are an attractive and effective way to organize the demands of modern life because they provide a refreshingly tactile break from technology.
Bullet Journals are a visually pleasing method to organize events, notes, lists and tasks. The Bujo method offers flexibility, customization and a certain gloss to the organizing activity with stuff like pictures, gel, pens, colour coding and washi tape.
Plus, when you jot something down, you take control over your day or week; you are also more likely to remember it.
Many people fall into the competency trap, which is the assumption that their established principles and mental models, that have served them all these years, will be sufficient in the future too.
They rely on familiar tools, skills and routines, getting into their comfort zone in the false belief that they don’t need to upgrade or change in this increasingly complex and competitive world, where change is the only constant.
While searching for happiness, one often confuses something beautiful with something that would make one feel happy. While beauty captivates us, the actual experience makes us far happier than the physical beauty.
A beautiful home, for instance, cannot guarantee that the experience of living there would be a good one.
External beauty and pleasing appearance often influence our perception, and we believe that this would dictate our experience after we attain it.
The day-to-day experience of living in a particular place cannot be judged by its outer beauty. Our relationships and social health are more important than architecture.