When we are working towards a goal, it is crucial to building a system that will eventually make you reach it. Systems are self-driven daily behaviours that guide and remind you towards what’s really important, and how not to get lost in life.
There isn’t anyone system that is built for an individual, and no two goals are alike. Our upbringing and preferences are different and unique. For example, if common knowledge says one should work in the morning, it may or may not apply to us.
One needs to experiment with a variety of systems and routines to finally choose and practice what is right for us and our circumstances.
The common dilemma is when to change and decide to leave a system or stick with it, as we often encounter a variety of obstacles while moving towards a system.
We have often invested time, energy and attention towards a certain system, and are too proud to pivot to another one.
But we can revisit our decision if the path is completely flawed or is useless.
One can keep changing lanes, switching to something new and different, and pivot as we constantly reevaluate our decision.
The problem with constant switching is wastage of time, effort and energy. One can never get anywhere when one is constantly switching systems and pathways. Motion is not progress.
If we have sunken cost in an ongoing system, like a career, it doesn’t mean we should stick with it forever, especially if it is no longer relevant or useful.
One can first choose a system with complete research, and if after a while the system is not looking good, switch from it to something better, just once.
People with very low emotional intelligence will refuse to talk about their feelings because they aren't good at it. They may use vague language to describe how they feel, such as "I'm a little stressed" or "I'm kind of overwhelmed."
People with high emotional intelligence aren't afraid to describe their feelings. "I feel sad," "I'm angry," or "I'm disappointed."
Emotions like fear or sadness feel bad. People with low emotional intelligence criticize themselves, thinking it is wrong to feel afraid. Or shameful to feel sad.
People with high emotional intelligence understand that if something feels bad doesn't mean it is bad. They treat themselves with compassion and kindness when they feel this way.
People with low emotional intelligence think they have to solve difficult emotions. They try to get rid of any painful feelings.
Emotionally intelligent people see emotions as messengers. They validate them even if they don't like the content of the message.
People with low emotional intelligence tend only to notice the loudest emotions. If they get cut-off on the road while driving, they feel "mad" but aren't aware they're also feeling afraid.
People with high emotional intelligence have enough self-awareness to see all their emotions, even the secondary emotions.
Emotions can give important information, but they can also mislead us, such as feeling anger when our spouse points out a problem and asks us to correct it.
Emotionally intelligent people listen to all their emotions but never overvalue them. They don't put blind trust in any of them.
People with low emotional intelligence are afraid of painful feelings in others, so they try to make them go away. For example, they try to explain why you shouldn't feel the way you do or attempt to solve your bad mood.
A sign of high emotional intelligence is when someone is willing to sit with your emotions without judgment or advice.
People with low emotional intelligence pretends to be happy all the time and don't want to admit or show when they're feeling sad, afraid, ashamed, or upset.
Emotionally intelligent people understand that there are no good or bad emotions. They're secure enough to feel bad and show it.
Photosynthesis is a way to store stable energy.
Ancient bacteria used a thermal-sensing pigment called bacteriochlorophyll to detect the infrared signal generated by heat. These bacteria were the progenitors of descendants that could make chlorophyll. This pigment captures shorter, more energetic light wavelengths from the sun and uses them as a source of power.
The process of capturing and storing sunlight meant that ancient bacteria had to burn water. The method of burning is only oxidation - tearing off of electrons from one atom and transferring those electrons to another.
Early photosynthetic bacteria captured the photons and used their energy to strip water of many of its protons and electrons to use for energy production. Later, chlorophyll could split two water molecules at the same time. We call this a Photosystem II chlorophyll-protein cluster.
The Photosystem II (water burning) can't keep going without the second stage Photosystem I. It involves taking the electrons that are stripped from the water molecules in the first step and using them before they decay.
Photosystem I keeps the hard-earned energy by sticking these electrons on a chemical assembly line. It is then used to convert CO2 into sugar that bacteria can use as food.
Chloroplasts are the membrane-bound organelles in plants that conduct photosynthesis.
Chloroplasts have their own DNA and harvest light for the plant.
Memories, the vivid remembrances of our past, can be highly subjective. Most of us assume that memories are rigid and infallible, but they can never be the exact representations of the past because they were not copied in our minds with perfect fidelity.
Many of our memories change over time and can be confused by other people’s narrations and even our own dreams and imagination.
Our memories are a major component in our learning process, and all knowledge that we accumulate is stored in memory. Effective learning happens when we hook something that we learn to something already in our memory, in a meaningful context. This creates a strong learning network in our brain, giving birth to innovative connections and fresh ideas.
Being passionate and committed towards our learnings also eliminates the need to cram up stuff.
The process that provides us with vivid memories is the same one that we are using to imagine something. The mind treats past memory the same way as a future imagination. This also indicates that apart from the present moment, the past and future are just mental constructs.
This interplay of memory and imagination impacts new memory formation, and makes them living organisms, and not like a movie that is recorded and plays exactly the same every time.
Our memories are crucial not only for learning and remembering but also for imagination and creativity.
We have to recognize our tendency to reinforce our own narrative, and instead be aware of the fluid nature of memory.
Believe in yourself and apply maximum conviction and dedication to what you are doing. Don't "try", do it. This puts you ahead of the competition.
This applies to your physical body as well. If you are constantly slouched with a frown on your face and arms crossed, that may not serve you well. That kind of posture can come across as defensive, negative or closed minded. A strong, positive, and open posture will make things that much more attainable.
Problems can be interpreted as opportunities to use different resources and find alternatives.
A problem means life is eliminating options and helping you choose how you are going to be successful. In the case of not having money, it may mean you have to learn to do it yourself.
Your mind and your body are all that you truly need. Everything else is a luxury. In fact, there are even people becoming successful with no arms or legs.
Many of the world's most successful people have faced extremely difficult times, financial burdens, failed relationships, failed businesses, homelessness and other hardships. But learning how to turn these "problems" into benefits has been one of the biggest turning points for many successful people.
Asteroids are what's left after the formation of our solar system from billions of years ago.
It is believed that the reason why they were formed were because of the birth of Jupiter. Its birth hindered any planetary bodies to form in the space between Mars and Jupiter, which resulted to the small objects that were present to crash onto each other and fragment themselves.
The two theories that back this up are the Nice model and the Grand Tack.
The different types of asteroids are:
We can observe an asteroid by observing them through a radar. The radar can reveal its size, shape, and whether it is two objects.
In the unlikely event that an asteroid is deemed a threat, NASA has inventions to effectively diffuse them such as:
Amusingly, the collisions that could possibly bring death to us may be the reason we are alive today.
When Earth was formed it was unable to support growth and desolate. Asteroid and comet collisions may have delivered the water-ice and other carbon-based molecules that allowed the planet to evolve and support life after billions of years.
Fun fact: There is an asteroid named after Mr. Spock of Star Trek.
From an era of specialized workers having expertise in one particular activity, the professional world has slowly moved towards problem-solving generalists. Workers are asked to don different hats and do more with fewer resources, and without specialized training.
HR consulting firms see the rise of hybrid jobs when two or more positions are combined to be performed by one individual.
Mastery, once a sought-after attribute, is falling out of favour, according to the 2016 World Economic Forum report, and is slowly clearing the field for employees who can:
With the value of true expertise in serious decline, and the economy evolving towards a different set of requirements from employees, the impact on college education, career paths, worker safety, employability and even the nature of work is going to be profound.
The personality traits of employees seen in many new organizations:
The most sought after skill in educational and professional circles, a person who can work in a single task with complete tenacity and focus, blocking any distractions. The skill is valued in stable environments where rigid adherence to routine is a good thing.
When rules, roles and conditions rapidly change, grit gives way to ‘psychological hardiness’ where one tends to see all experiences as interesting, useful and meaningful, along with a high level of self-confidence.