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Teagan P.

@tea_epp73

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Changing the three-meals-a-day norm

Many people eat three meals a day. But we don't have to eat this way.

In trying to find a new routine while working from home, many Americans are drawn to eating a Big Meal once a day when they're ready to have it. A Big meal is large and can be eaten at any time of the day, typically in the late afternoon. It is not a diet, just a convenient way of eating.

@tea_epp73

There’s No Real Reason to Eat 3 Meals a Day

theatlantic.com

Moving away from three meals might at first feel unnatural, but that eating schedule is both very recent and born out of social convenience. We don't eat three meals because of nutritional science or a natural human inclination.

It is mostly the consequence of industrialization, which took the population away from home regularly. Before that, people worked during daylight, pausing midmorning and later in the afternoon. It was a two-meal schedule based on outdoor physical labour.

The three-meals-a-day was created to bend human life around the necessity of leaving home to work elsewhere.

Now with online working and turning back to home-life-work, people are bending once again around an entirely new set of challenges. Our old eating schedules are changing to fit our new circumstances.

Adjusted eating patterns are more useful or satisfying in the conditions people are living in.

It is hard to see how life might be made more flexible after the pandemic. For now, eat when you feel like it. There is no reason to eat when you're not hungry or to force yourself to cook when you're tired and would be happy with a lighter meal.

Sunshine is intimately tied to mood

Sunshine has repeatedly been found to increase moods, dampen negative moods and reduce tiredness.

People are happier and more helpful when the sun is out. A study showed that Minnesota diners tip more generously in sunny weather and American studies observed better daily stock returns on sunny days. Sunshine also affect our mental sharpness.

Here comes the sun: how the weather affects our mood

theconversation.com

Temperature can affect our mind and behaviour separately of sunshine.

  • The more the temperature moves away from 20°C, the more discomfort we feel. Higher temperatures are linked to physical and verbal aggression.
  • Humidity tends to make people more tired and irritable.
  • Atmospheric pressure fluctuations can alter moods and trigger headaches.
  • On rainy days, some people report lower satisfaction with their lives.
  • One possibility is that the effects of weather on mood are mostly physiological. Heat causes discomfort by taxing our bodies to regulate temperature, leading to irritability and aggression.
  • Sunlight produces vitamin D and promotes the production of serotonin - which is a mood lifter.

However, the weather will only influence us if we expose ourselves to it. In industrialised societies, people only spend 7% of their time outside.

Singing and driving is good for your health
  • Music can increase antibodies that boost your immunity and protect your body against bacteria.
  • A 2017 study of choir members found that singing in a group improved a person's well-being. It created a social connection and cognitive stimulation.
  • Singing and driving is a fun alternative to meditating and other forms of stress management.
  • By listening to music, drivers can replace negative thoughts with more positive thoughts through rhythm and beats.

Psychologists Explain Why It Feels So Good To Sing In Your Car

huffpost.com

You're getting a heavy dose of dopamine when you're singing.

  • Dopamine affects your emotions, including sensations of pleasure.
  • It boosts your motivation and drive, resulting in less road rage and friendlier driving.
  • Singing out loud with the music makes individuals happier. In turn, it creates a more positive environment when they arrive at home or work.

Tension occurs when your body thinks you're being threatened. A common response to anxiety is shallow breathing. It can turn into a habit and reinforces the feeling that you're threatened.

While deeper breaths feel good, natural breaths, like when you're singing at the top of your lungs, feel even better. Deep breathing also improves your ability to sleep.

When we sing lyrics that we can relate to, we feel less alone.

Even a sombre song can help you process your emotions in a healthy way. Depending on your mood, different types of music feels therapeutic.

  • Boosting your metabolism
  • Improving your physical performance
  • Helping you with your nutrient intake (the vitamins B2, B3, B5, manganese, and potassium are all found in coffee)
  • Lowering your risk of developing type 2 diabetes
  • Helping fight depression symptoms
  • Providing a source of antioxidants

How to make your coffee habit benefit you

bigthink.com

The Keto diet is named after ketones

Ketones are products of the fat metabolism that occurs when the body is running low on carbohydrates and proteins as sources of energy.

Ketones can cross the blood-brain barrier and act as a substitute for glucose to supply the brain with essential energy.

Principles of the Keto Diet Have Been Used to Treat Epilepsy for Centuries, Does It Actually Work?

elemental.medium.com

Fasting was the only method of treating seizures in the past as recorded by Hippocrates.

Only in 1921, Dr Russel Wilder of the Mayo Clinic proposed that ketone production occurring in the fasting state could also be achieved through a diet high in fat, moderate in protein, and low in carbohydrates.

  • The classic ketogenic diet. 80% to 90% of calories come from fat, 10% from protein, and the rest are from carbohydrates such as fruits or vegetables.
  • The medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) diet. The diet uses MCT oils naturally found in palm and coconut oil as well as human, cow, and goat milk. This diet allows for a bit more carbohydrates.
  • The Atkins diet is less restrictive but has a greater likelihood of adherence by adolescents and adults.
  • The low glycemic index diet allows for more carbohydrates as long as they have a low glycemic index, meaning they don't raise the body's blood sugar too quickly. Foods well suited to this diet includes strawberries, lentils, and whole-grain breads.

Analyzed studies show that children with epilepsy who adhere to a ketogenic diet were three times more likely to be seizure-free and six times more likely to have a 50% reduction in seizure frequency when compared to usual dietary care.

Despite strong evidence of its efficacy, a mechanism to clearly explain the keto diet's benefit remains unclear to researchers.

The ketogenic diet is becoming a proven treatment for epilepsy. But there is also evidence that it may be helpful for other medical conditions such as Type 2 diabetes and glioblastoma multiforme, a type of aggressive brain cancer. Conditions such as metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, chronic migraines, traumatic brain injury, dementia, Parkinson's, autoimmune disorder, mental health, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and much more are anecdotally benefiting from the ketogenic diet.

However, caution is advised. Side effects include kidney stones, low bone density, weight loss, low blood sugar, and gastrointestinal symptoms. Certain rare metabolic disorders can be made worse on the ketogenic diet. So supervision from experts remains a necessity.

Contagious yawning

Whenever someone yawns near you, you may find it near impossible not to yawn.

New studies found the reason we battle to stop a yawn appears to reside in the brain area that's responsible for motor function. The urge to yawn when you see someone else doing it is known as echophenomenon - the automatic imitation of another person. Other types of echophenomena include echolalia - imitation of words, and echopraxia - imitations of actions.

Here's Why Yawns Are So Contagious

livescience.com

The urge to yawn increases when you try to stop yourself from doing so.

The tendency to yawn in return is linked to brain activity levels in a person's motor cortex. The more activity in the area, the more likely the person would be to yawn.

Losing your inner monologue

Your inner monologue is where you tell yourself, "I don't want to get up yet," or "This is a tasty burger."

Aphasia from Ancient Greek means "without speech." Typically aphasia occurs after a stroke. Reduced blood flow or bleeding causes brain cells to start dying, but the neural transmitters signal the brain's neurons to keep firing, even as they starve from lack of oxygen. Any brain cells killed during this time can't come back.

What Happens When You Can’t Talk to Yourself?

nautil.us

The damage of aphasia tends to be in two brain areas, the Broca's area in the posterior left prefrontal cortex, and Wernicke's area, the posterior left temporal cortex.

  • In Brocha's aphasia, people have problems with fluency, mixing the order of the words, and ignoring grammar.
  • In Wernicke's aphasia, the language becomes confused or even nonsense. It can also limit fluency and word formation.
  • Global aphasia describes a severe loss of the ability to communicate or understand language.

One of the effects of aphasia is losing the ability to talk with yourself. The inner monologue disappears, leaving you unable to process your own thoughts.

The ability to speak with oneself is vital for forming emotions, processing memories, and predicting the future. Internal silence can be described as a total loss of identity.

Higher consciousness can survive without an internal monologue. Some degree of recovery from aphasia is possible. The brain has a higher degree of neural plasticity than once understood.

Although language is part of personal identity, it doesn't define the self.

Food affects the environment

Eating healthy food is almost always also the best for the environment.

Researchers say poor diets seriously harm people and the planet. Foods such as fruit, vegetables, beans, and whole grains are best for avoiding disease and protecting the climate and water resources, while red and processed meat cause the most ill health and pollution.

Healthy diet means a healthy planet, study shows

theguardian.com

  • Fish is generally a healthy choice but have a bigger environmental footprint on average.
  • High-sugar foods have a low impact on the planet but are damaging to your health.
  • Some farming groups argue only intensively produced meat is harmful to the environment.

Global ill-health costs from diabetes alone are similar to the total value of farming in the global economy.

  • Researchers calculated that producing unprocessed red meat has the highest impact on all environmental indicators.
  • Food with medium environmental impacts or not associated with ill health, such as refined grain cereals, dairy, eggs, and chicken, could help improve health and reduce environmental harm if they replace foods such as red meat.

Producing a reasonable guideline for a healthy and sustainable diet would put the world and its people in a much better place.

Online symptom checkers accuracy

We have all been there at least once in our life: when dealing with pain, we tend to first ask our most trusted friend- the Internet- what the solution could be.

In terms of health issues, however, research has shown that online symptom checkers are wrong about 67 percent of the time.

Online symptom-checkers are usually inaccurate

bigthink.com

While you should definitely treat the diagnosis set by online symptom checkers with enough doubts, you can actually pretty much trust their accuracy when it comes to internet triage advice: they send you to see a doctor at quite the proper time.

So, if you find yourself as being one of the so-called 'cyberchondriacs', be cautious about what and who you believe when it comes to your own health.

Whenever you feel under the weather, you should definitely first get the opinion of a doctor on the matter.

However, once you have got his or her opinion, you can allow yourself to use online medical sources in order to find out more details and possible cures, that should be applied with the appropriate caution.

Misophonia

Misophonia is a neurophysiological condition where people have an excessively negative reaction to specific sounds, like slurping, humming, tapping, typing, or texting.

Misophonia means "hatred of sound" and people with this condition are aware of their overreaction, but can't control their reaction.

Misophonia - when certain sounds drive you crazy

theconversation.com

The aversion to trigger sounds develops in childhood and tends to get worse over time.

The sounds are commonly related to the mouth, nasal sound, and hand sounds, and are more distressing if family members produce them.

Anger is the most common misophonic response, followed by anxiety or disgust.

In misophonia, people react to sounds that are not widely considered unpleasant, such as whispering or soft breathing.

Misophonics are unable to ignore annoying sounds. It seems that selective attention may be impaired in these individuals. The only option when their attention becomes fixated on a trigger sound may be fight or flight.

The condition and treatment are still in its infancy, although some evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral therapy may help.

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