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These are the systems where the law emanates from texts or traditions within a given religious tradition.
Many Islamic nations have legal systems based in whole or in part on the Quran.
Roman law of ancient Rome has affected the development of law in most Western civilisation and parts of the East.
It is the foundation for law codes of most countries of continental Europe (civil law) and derivative systems elsewhere.
In the 12th century, Italian jurists rediscovered Justinian's compilation of Roman law. This started a new legal scholarship in Europe that flourished and evolved into the ius commune - a shared legal tradition that combined Roman and canon law into a common system of legal thought.
During the 17th and 18th century, the Dutch jurists created ways to incorporate the local customary law within a classical Roman framework. The Dutch system of law was exported to its colonies, where it was dominated by the Roman-Dutch tradition of the time.
The 1804 Napoleonic Code influenced civil law codes across the globe. It was very influential in developing countries outside Europe, especially in the Middle East.
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