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6 Investments for Beginners

6 ideal investments for beginners

6 ideal investments for beginners
  1. If you have a 401(k) or another retirement plan at work, it’s very likely the first place you should put your money— especially if your company matches a portion of your contributions.
  2. A robo-advisor. These services manage your investments for you using computer algorithms and typically costs 0.25% to 0.50% of your account balance per year.
  3. Target-date mutual funds often hold a mix of stocks and bonds and automatically invest with your estimated retirement year in mind.
  4. Index funds are like mutual funds on autopilot: Rather than employing a professional manager to build and maintain the fund’s portfolio of investments, index funds track a market index.
  5. Exchange-traded funds. ETFs operate in similar ways as index funds: The main difference between ETFs and index funds is that rather than carrying a minimum investment, ETFs are traded throughout the day and investors buy them for a share price, which like a stock price, can fluctuate.
  6. Investment apps like Acorns or Stash.

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6 Investments for Beginners

6 Investments for Beginners

https://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/investing/investments-for-beginners/

nerdwallet.com

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Key Idea

6 ideal investments for beginners

  1. If you have a 401(k) or another retirement plan at work, it’s very likely the first place you should put your money— especially if your company matches a portion of your contributions.
  2. A robo-advisor. These services manage your investments for you using computer algorithms and typically costs 0.25% to 0.50% of your account balance per year.
  3. Target-date mutual funds often hold a mix of stocks and bonds and automatically invest with your estimated retirement year in mind.
  4. Index funds are like mutual funds on autopilot: Rather than employing a professional manager to build and maintain the fund’s portfolio of investments, index funds track a market index.
  5. Exchange-traded funds. ETFs operate in similar ways as index funds: The main difference between ETFs and index funds is that rather than carrying a minimum investment, ETFs are traded throughout the day and investors buy them for a share price, which like a stock price, can fluctuate.
  6. Investment apps like Acorns or Stash.

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Investing defined

Investing is about laying out cash or assets now, in the hope of more cash or assets returning to you tomorrow, or next year, or next decade.

Most of the time, this is best achieved th...

Productive assets explained
  • Productive assets are investments that internally throw off surplus money from some sort of activity. 
  • Each type of productive asset has its own pros and cons, unique quirks, legal traditions, tax rules, and other relevant details.
  • The three most common kinds of investments from productive assets are stocks, bonds, and real estate.
Investing in Stocks
  • It means investing in common stock, which is another way to describe business ownership or business equity.
  • When you own equity (the value of the shares issued by a company) in a business, you are entitled to a share of the profit or losses generated by that company's operating activity.
  • Equities are the most rewarding asset class for investors seeking to build wealth over time without using large amounts of leverage.

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Investing

... is the trading of your money today for a lot more money in the future. It is a high yield over the long term.

What happens to your money

Banks don’t like to give away their money. That mindset is reflected in the interest rates of checking and savings accounts of 0,5% and 0.9% avg. annual interest respectively.

When you deposit your money in the bank, the bank turns around and invests that money at 7% a year or more. After they collect their profit, they give a tiny shaving of it to you.

Portfolio and Diversification
  • Your portfolio reflects your long-term wealth building investment strategy – not the short term. It includes everything you own. Your retirement accounts, your investment accounts, even your home are types of investments.
  • Diversification is a way to describe owning multiple types of investment assets. Diversification is smart because you both protect yourself from failure and position yourself to take advantage of multiple robust methods for building wealth.

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Common investment questions
Common investment questions

Two of the most common investment questions are "what do you invest in " and "what are the best investing strategies"?

The best investing strategies are...

Shady investment advice

Bad investing advice can come from many quarters, such as wealth expos or financial advisors. If anyone promises you any type of return over 12%, 99% of the time, they are probably playing you.

There are great financial advisors out there, but many people who sell investment products just want your money. However, it's not that hard to invest for yourself.

How to avoid bad investment advice
  1. Never buy a financial or investing product from someone you just met.
  2. Getting returns over 12% per year is ridiculously hard. If it sounds too good to be true, it is.
  3. If you don't understand it, don't invest in it.
  4. If one of your friends recommends an investment that's making them a lot of money, they are probably suckers too. If you see the "results not typical" on any marketing materials, move on.
  5. There are no "secrets of the super-wealthy" that anyone will sell you for $500 or that you can take advantage of unless you have hundreds of thousands of dollars.

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Investment explained
Investment explained

An investment is a gamble: instead of the security of guaranteed returns, you're taking a risk with your money. 

You can invest in Shares, Bonds, Funds, Government bonds (gilts), ...

How stock markets work
  • A stock market is simply a place where buyers and sellers meet to sell shares.
  • A share is a divided-up unit of the value of a company.
  • Shares exist to boost profits of firms to turn a business into a financial success.
  • Enter a stock market: in return for your cash, a business offers you a share in its future – so you essentially own a tiny slice of that company and become a 'shareholder'.
  • This slice of the company you own can then be traded with anyone who wants to buy it.
Share price of a company can rise and fall
  • The price is initially set by the firm offering shares.
  • Its price on any given day can be determined by poor financial results, the economic health and so-called 'sentiment', ie, if City buyers think a firm will struggle, its price can fall. 
  • Shares are listed on an 'index'.

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Smart retirement planning boils down to a few simple truths.
  • Time is on your side.  The earlier you start saving money, the more time you give compounding to work for you. 
  • Take risks when you're young.  Althoug...
Keep everything as simple as possible
The more credit cards you have, the more chances you have for identity theft and the more chances you have to miss a payment. The more investment accounts you have, the less attention you can give ...
Don’t ever let your “future self”...
...take care of your current situation.

Your future self might have more income, but it’s also fairly likely that your future self might have less income and you’ll find yourself in a really bad situation. 

Even if your future self is doing well, there are probably going to be other big expenses that you’ll want to deal with at that time, like buying a house.

Focus on...
  • Building an emergency fund: set up an automatic weekly or monthly transfer from your checking account to your savings, then leave the savings alone until an emergency appears.
  • Eliminating high-interest debt: Set up a simple debt repayment plan by organizing your debts by interest rate, then attempt to make a double payment on whatever debt has the highest interest rate.
  • Saving for retirement: It will actually end up being a much smaller burden than you expect,  lifted up by the pleasure of knowing that you’re securing your retirement.

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An honest risk-assessment

Think about how much risk you are willing to tolerate:

  • If you are looking for quicker returns, you may prefer a more volatile portfolio of individual stocks, ETFs, or high-risk mutual...
Diversify your investments

Having an effectively diversified portfolio will ensure that if one of your investments moves down, your overall investments will still keep you moving forward.

Mutual funds are a good way to diversify because they are already diversified to represent the index markets.

Your investment time-frame

Decide for how long you want to invest to best evaluate your portfolio for the future.

A short term investment portfolio will likely be riskier than long term retirement portfolios.

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Financial planning

 ...is the process which provides you a framework for achieving your life goals in a systematic and planned way by avoiding shocks and surprises.

Try making a budget
  • Create a full inventory of expenses in front of you: Categorize them into fixed and variable; urgent and non-urgent; necessities and luxury; avoidable and unavoidable.
  • You can create a hierarchy of needs and decide which one’s to address first. It’s all about prioritizing. 
  • Accept that you have limited resources and unlimited wants. But you have to manage your resources. The sooner you accept this fact, the better you can control your impulses towards avoidable expenditures.
Maintain a personal balance sheet

It’s a statement wherein you can jot down your assets and liabilities.

  • Pull together your bank statements and other proofs of the liabilities
  • List down your assets like the bank balance, all investments, home value, and value of other assets.
  • Take a sum of all the assets to arrive at the total value of your assets.
  • List down your liabilities the (car loan, home loan, credit card balances etc.)
  • The sum of all the liabilities will show the value of the money you owe.
  • When you subtract the value of liabilities from assets, you get your Net Worth.

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How much you should save every month
How much you should save every month

The popular 50/30/20 rule states that you should reserve 50 percent of your budget for essentials like rent and food, 30 percent for discretionary spending, and 20 percent for savings.

But ...

Why 20 percent is recommended

Assuming you're in your 20s or 30s and can earn an average investment return of five percent a year, you'll need to save about 20 percent of your income so you can reach financial independence when you're older.

Financial independence means that you can maintain your chosen lifestyle entirely from the interest of your investments and dividends.

The four percent rule

The four percent rule states that you could withdraw four percent of your principal balance every year and live on this indefinitely. That means you need to save 25 times your annual expenses to become financially independent.

The four percent rule is not perfect. There is no risk-free investment that yields that much today. Sudden inflation could also cause a problem.

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Four Steps To Building Wealth
Four Steps To Building Wealth
  1. Don’t Be a Consumerist: keep your expenses as low as possible without sacrificing the quality of life. Spend money on things that yield lasting benefits.
  2. Have An Emergency Fu...
Benjamin Graham - Warren Buffett’s mentor
Benjamin Graham - Warren Buffett’s mentor

“Money isn’t making that much difference in how you and I live. We’re both going down to the cafeteria for lunch and working every day and having a good time. So don’t worry about money, because it won’t make much difference in how you live.”