Free To Learn: Curiosity, Playfulness, Sociability, and the Human Nature of Education
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The modern schooling system is known to prevent people from acquiring the skills and knowledge needed to thrive in today's world.
Before children start school, they learn at a mind-blowing speed. They learn how to walk, run, jump and climb. They become fluent in one or more languages and use those languages to assert their will, argue, ask questions, be funny, make friends, and make sense of their world.
They manage to do all this without any curriculum, tests, grades, or schooling structure. However, when we introduce a school structure, children's learning decrease dramatically.
Children are instinctively predisposed to educate themselves. Watch any child left alone with an iPhone, and you can see the drive to self-education.
Learning drives are:
Hundreds of studies conducted with children show that they gaze longer at new scenes than familiar ones. They look longer at events that they find intriguing and lose interest as soon as there is nothing new to learn from it.
Children are relentlessly drawn toward anything that runs counter to expectations.
After the curiosity drive leads a child to a new toy or situation, playfulness takes over. Without that curiosity, we wouldn't try out anything new. Without playfulness, we wouldn't become skilful at anything.
Research found that the shift from exploration to play is one from a focused serious expression to a more relaxed, smiling one. This understanding of play's biological purpose explains why young animals play more than older animals.
Education is cultural transmission. That is how each new generation acquires and builds upon the skills, knowledge, lore, and values.
Without sociability, there's no education. Without sociability, you eliminate the two most important forms of learning:
It is nothing short of a miracle that the modern methods of instruction have not yet entirely strangled the holy curiosity of inquiry; for this delicate plant, aside from stimulation, stands mainly in need of freedom; without this it goes to wreck and ruin without fail. It is a very grave mistake to think that the enjoyment of seeing and searching can be promoted by means of coercion and a sense of duty.
Schools teach children that learning is work. Children are told to "do what you are told."
School is not an environment that promotes exploration and discovery but is set for indoctrination.
Instead of following their curiosity, students learn to jump through hoops and check off boxes. Worst, children learn to ignore their innate curiosity.
The limitations of school:
Researchers repeatedly observed that children ask questions about rules and requirements, not the subject itself. The teachers ask questions, and the students guess the answers. When children show interest, the teacher often cuts them off, so they don't fall behind.
School teaches selfishness, not sociability.
When students are evaluated for their learning and compared to other students, they learn to only look out for themselves.
If you have the drive to share information and ideas, you're not allowed to bring them into school. Sharing information and ideas is known as "cheating."
Sudbury Valley is a private day school founded by Daniel Greenberg located in a semi-rural part of Massachusetts. He wondered why there couldn't be an educational system that helps students develop passionate interests and then pursue those interests.
So Greenberg founded such a school. The basic premise of the school’s educational philosophy is that each person is responsible for his or her own education.
“The school system has directly and indirectly, often unintentionally, fostered an attitude in society that children learn and progress primarily by doing tasks that are directed and evaluated by adults, and that children’s own activities are wasted time.”
“Children don’t like school because to them school is—dare I say it—prison. Children don’t like school because, like all human beings, they crave freedom, and in school, they are not free.”
Free play is play in which the players decide what and how to play and are free to change the goal and rules as they go along.
Free play is how children learn to structure their own behaviour.
Unschooling is not schooling. Unschooling parents do not send their children to school. At home, children are not bogged down by a curriculum, do not require particular assignments for the purpose of education, and do not test their children to measure progress.
Instead, they allow their children the freedom to pursue their own interests and to learn in their own ways.
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Education should not be one size fits all.