Poor Asian countries face an ageing crisis - Deepstash

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

  • Demographic Crisis in Asian Countries
  • What is Demographic Transition? 
  • Impacts To The Rapid Transition in Asia's Demography
  • Family Burden
  • Causes and Solutions of Demographic Transition
  • Did any Asian countries take action?


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Demographic Crisis in Asian Countries

Demographic Crisis in Asian Countries

Difference between an ageing and an aged country is that an aged nation refers to a nation where a substantial proportion of elderly individuals are already aged 65 and above, but ageing one still has significant workforce.


  • Thailand has transitioned into an ageing society with about 14% of aged individuals, a threshold used to define an ageing society.


  • Probably takes 17 years to move from "ageing" to "aged".

Sri Lanka

  • Projected to become an aged society by 2028.


  • Already an aged country

Asia in General

  • Asia will account for 70% of the expected increase in senior citizens by 2050.


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What is Demographic Transition?

What is Demographic Transition?

It is a valuable tool used in the field of demography to analyse the changes in population dynamics and structure as a society. There are 4 stages in the transition model.

High Birth Rates and High Death Rates 

  • Both birth and death rates are high
  • Populations are small and stable

High Birth Rates and Falling Death Rates

  • Birth rate remains high
  • death rates start to decline
  • Population growth accelerates

Falling Birth Rates and Low Death Rates 

  • Birth rates decline & death rates remain low
  • Population growth continues   

Low Birth Rates and Low Death Rates

  • Birth and death rates are low
  • Stable population growth


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Impacts To The Rapid Transition in Asia's Demography

Impacts To The Rapid Transition in Asia's Demography

The impacts refer to the economic and social problems that ageing society face.

Labour Markets

  • Shrinking Workforces with an expected 1/5 decrease in working-age population by 2055
  • Vulnerable to big sectors, like agriculture

Social Costs 

  • Pensioners falling into poverty. The pensioners in poor country are often unable to save adequately. There are fewer than 40% of the elderly who receive a pension
  • Poor financial literacy, limiting what they can do with their saving

Health Care

  • Overburdened & Their health care tends to be rudimentary


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Family Burden

Family Burden

Family is a traditional source of elderly care in Asian culture. There is about less than 11% of elders live alone because they expect their children to take care of their parents.

Old women are worst affected. There are:

  • likely to live more than 75 years old compared to 70 for men
  • likely to live alone or in elderly home
  • less educated than men with less earning and saving
  • less financially independent and suffer more diseases

Hence, elderly care industry is booming in Asian countries now. 


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Causes and Solutions of Demographic Transition

Causes and Solutions of Demographic Transition

It is a product of its development, reducing their fertility rate.


  • Industralisation, less time for meeting their soul mates 
  • Changing social norms, eliminating the need for kids
  • Better technology, significantly reducing accidents
  • Health care, extending lifespan

Possible Solutions: 

  • Ushering women into higher-paying jobs would help in reducing fertility rate, economic growth, and ageing population mitigation when they could contribute for their families 
  • Extending official retirement ages can allow more ageing workers work past age 65 and above
  • Affected countries need all the help they can get


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Did any Asian countries take action?

Did any Asian countries take action?

Countries that are severely affected:


  • This year, 2023, every big part made promises to the elderly earlier during their general election.


  • Vietnam passed a law on matters relating to the elderly way back in 2009

Unaffected Countries

  • None of the unaffected countries are aware of the scale of the problem - they need to take much bolder steps


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