What Is an Initial Public Offering (IPO)? - Deepstash

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Initial Public Offering (IPO)

Initial Public Offering (IPO)

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the process where a private company becomes listed on a public stock exchange and offers new shares.

Prior to an IPO, the company is private and shares are usually held by the founder, early employees, VC firms, and angel investors.

An IPO is a great way for a business to raise money by allowing public investors to invest in the business for the first time.


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Important ⚡⚡⚡

Generally, the transition from private to public is a key time for private investors to cash in and earn the returns they were expecting

Private shareholders may hold onto their shares in the public market or sell a portion or all of them for gains.


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Steps to an IPO:

  1. Proposals
  2. Underwriter
  3. Team
  4. Documentation
  5. Marketing & Updates
  6. Board & Processes
  7. Shares Issued
  8. Post IPO


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Can anybody invest in an IPO?

Can anybody invest in an IPO?

Oftentimes, there will be more demand than supply for a new IPO. For this reason, there is no guarantee that all investors interested in an IPO will be able to purchase shares. 

  • Those interested in participating in an IPO may be able to do so through their brokerage firm, although access to an IPO can sometimes be limited to a firm’s larger clients. 
  • Another option is to invest through a mutual fund or other investment vehicles that focuses on IPOs.


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Top 10 Largest Global IPOs of All Time

  1. Alibaba Group Holding Limited
  2. Agricultural Bank of China Ltd.
  3. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
  4. General Motors Company
  5. NTT DOCOMO, Inc.
  6. Visa Inc.
  7. AIA Group Limited
  8. Enel
  9. Facebook
  10. Deutsche Telekom AG


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