Even expert researchers suffer from the human foibles that undermine scientific thinking.
This is why the open science revolution occurring in psychology is so important: when researchers make their methods and hypotheses transparent, and they pre-register their studies, it makes it less likely that they will be diverted by confirmation bias (seeking out evidence to support their existing beliefs).
Many researchers acknowledge the role that science fiction has played in triggering their interest in science and inspiring breakthroughs. Even technology companies increasingly employ science fiction artists to explore potential new technologies and their social impact – also known as science fiction prototyping. A research that looked for science-fiction-related terms in academic papers indicates that science fiction plays a significant role in scientific work and its impact is on the increase, especially on areas related to human-computer interactions.
Curiosity leads us to generate alternatives. When our curiosity is triggered, we are less likely to fall prey to confirmation bias (looking for information that supports our beliefs rather than for evidence suggesting we are wrong) and to stereotyping people (making broad judgments).
You seek evidence that confirms your beliefs because being wrong feels unpleasant. Being wrong means you’re not as smart as you thought. So you end up seeking information that confirms what you already know.
Is our tendency to cherry-pick information that confirms our existing beliefs or ideas. To hold an idea and convince ourselves we arrived at it rationally, we go in search of evidence to support our view. And we manage to find that evidence that confirms what we want to believe.