You're experiencing fluency when you're reading something and it feels easy.
For example: you're at the airport and you're trying to remember which gate your flight is. You look at the terminal monitors — it's B44. You think to yourself that's easy to remember. Then you walk away, idly check your phone, and instantly forget where you're going.
MORE IDEAS FROM 5 strategies for remembering everything you learn
When you're weaving in new threads into your pre-existing web of knowledge, you're elaborating.
The more you can explain the way your new learning relates to prior knowledge the more connections you create that will help you remember it later.
When people have the opportunity to reflect, they experience a boost in self-efficacy and self-confidence.
As a result, they put more effort into what they're doing and what they learn.
... you need two kinds of prior knowledge:
It's a strategy of mixing up the type of problems you solve when you're testing yourself.
That way, the testing conditions are more similar to real life, where you first have to figure out what kind of problem you have on your hands and then solve it.
When learning is difficult, you're doing your best learning, in the same way that lifting a weight at the limit of your capacity makes you stronger.
When you keep trying to remember a piece of information, you interrupt the forgetting process and help cement the memory of that information into your brain.
When you explain and describe an idea in your own words, you consciously associate what you want to learn with what you've already learned.
Why it works: It encodes information into your long-term memory more effectively. The more you connect new knowledge to what you already know, the better because it generates more cues that help you retrieve the knowledge.
How to apply it: Ask yourself questions like "How can I apply this to my own life?" and "In what situations would this be useful?"
In order to learn, we need to sleep
Learning is hard and takes effort on a personal level. It requires attention and physical energy.
• When you start learning, you need to pay careful attention to bring that information into your short-term memory. Lack of sleep can make it difficult to pay attention to. Even memory champions can only hold 5-7 pieces of information at a time.
• When you sleep, short-term memories are moved to a different region in the brain for long-term storage. Your brain then consolidates the information and select what information to forget.
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