We have, as humans, the tendency to explain others' behavior through the filter of our own experiences. Therefore, we often end up misjudging or misinterpreting the situation or the people we deal with. It might prove useful for our interactions to just assume that the ones around us couldn't possibly know exactly what we do. This way, we could end up understanding them better and ensuring stronger connections.
Tribes reduce the ability to challenge ideas or diversify your views because no one wants to lose support of the tribe.
Tribes are as self-interested as people, encouraging ideas and narratives that promote their survival. But they’re exponentially more influential than any single person. So tribes are very effective at promoting views that aren’t analytical or rational, and people loyal to their tribes are very poor at realizing it.
The biggest lesson from the 100 billion people who are no longer alive is that they tried everything we’re trying today. They swung from optimism to pessimism at the worst times. They battled unsuccessfully against reversion to the mean. They learned that popular things seem safe because so many people are involved, but they’re most dangerous because they’re most competitive.
Same stuff that guides today, and will guide tomorrow.
The modern world has brought us a lot of great stuff. (I, for one, am a huge fan of antibiotics.) That said, we know there are things that were better in the past, ideas we can learn from or reclaim. What's interesting is recently science and experts have validated many of the lessons ancient thinkers knew but could not prove.
Having a healthy body is essential to having a sound mind. Exercising is a habit that’s been shown to lead people to create other, often unrelated, good habits. Exercising is also a proven way to improve the rate of learning.
The 1860 election was notable because it ripped the long-dominant Party (and nation) in half.
The Democrats were unable at their 1860 convention to establish an official party line on slavery.
At a second convention that year, the Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, but many Southerners in the party selected Breckinridge as their man. Both would claim to be the official Democratic candidate.
Lincoln snared 40% of the popular vote but took most of the North in the Electoral College.
Douglas was second in the popular vote but took only Missouri.
Breckenridge took most of the South.
Bell's middle of the road policies earned him the middle of the road.
In 1861, delegates from South Carolina, and six of the Southern states formed the Confederate States of America and selected Jefferson Davis as their president.