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The Purpose and History of the US Labor Day Holiday

Government Recognition

Labor Day gained popularity very quickly and by 1885, several city governments have called for local observances.

Oregon was the first state to adopt a Labor Day law on February 2, 1887. Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York followed in the same year. By 1894, 23 other states joined.

On June 28, 1894, the act was passed to make the first Monday in September a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories.

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The Purpose and History of the US Labor Day Holiday

The Purpose and History of the US Labor Day Holiday

https://www.thoughtco.com/labor-day-purpose-and-history-4052473

thoughtco.com

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Key Ideas

Labor Day

Labor Day is a public holiday observed in the United States on the first Monday in September.

Labor Day celebrates the contribution of the American system of organized labor and workers to the prosperity and economic strength of the nation.

Inventing Labor Day

Labor Day was first observed in 1882, but there is still disagreement who should take credit for its invention.

Some think it is Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a co-founder of the American Federation of Labor. Others believe it was Matthew Maguire, a machinist who later was elected secretary of Local 344 of the International Association of Machinists in Paterson.

The First Labor Day

The first Labor Day was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in line with the plans of the Central Labor Union. 

The Central Labor Union then urged other unions and trade organizations to hold a similar workingmens' holiday on the same date. By 1885, industrial centers nationwide observed Labor Day.

Government Recognition

Labor Day gained popularity very quickly and by 1885, several city governments have called for local observances.

Oregon was the first state to adopt a Labor Day law on February 2, 1887. Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York followed in the same year. By 1894, 23 other states joined.

On June 28, 1894, the act was passed to make the first Monday in September a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories.

Labor Day Celebrations Changed

The character of Labor Day celebrations has changed as the huge displays and gatherings have become a problem for public safety.

Today, television, the internet, and social media ensure that Labor Day addresses are delivered directly into the homes of Americans nationwide.

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Father's day

Father's day

On the third Sunday in June, Americans take time to honor fathers and their role in the family and community.

Few Americans are aware of the woman who launched a 62-year campaign to est...

Campaigning for Father’s Day

  • At age 16, Sonora Louise Smart Dodd lost her mother, and her father was left to raise Dodd and her five younger brothers alone.
  • In 1909, Dodd was listening to a Mother's Day sermon and realized the need for a day to celebrate fathers. She drew up a petition for the first Father's Day.
  • She gained only two signatures, but in the process convinced several local church communities to participate.
  • The celebration started Dodd's nearly life-long mission of promoting Father's Day for national status.
  • Dodd traveled the United States over the next half-century, campaigning for the cause.
  • Father's Day was finally recognized in 1972 when President Richard Nixon signed the resolution into law.*

A new appreciation of fatherhood

On the first Father's Day, families honored fathers by wearing red roses for those still alive, and white for those who were deceased. Father's Day sermons were held, and even the city's mayor and state governor issued Father's Day proclamations.
Today Father's Day is often celebrated with food, gatherings, and gifts. The nature of Father's Day has shifted as most fathers are no longer the sole breadwinners and have become more involved in family life.

SpaceX

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SpaceX: Learning from failure

As much as the latest success of SpaceX has impressed everybody, it is worth mentioning that the company has not always known only achievements. The previous three launches had meant only failure and lots of money wasted. However, Elon Musk's company is now one of the top employers in the field while possessing an astonishing level production quality.

SpaceX has made space cool again. Attracting top talent has been one of the reasons SpaceX has been able to achieve its miraculous product success.

SpaceX and its innovations

One of the greatest business men of modern times, Elon Musk, came up with an idea to save on launch costs, while challenging the cycle time between launches.

By reusing the rocket boosters, he made sure to have several successful landings in three years. Furthermore, SpaceX is also equipped with the possibility to recover other parts from the launch, such as the fairing.

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1800: Jefferson and Adams

1800: Jefferson and Adams

The outcome was so bizarre, the United States had to amend the Constitution.

  • The election of 1800 saw Thomas Jefferson tie with his Democratic-Republican "running mate" Aaron Burr. Both...

1824: 'Corrupt bargain'

  • Andrew Jackson won the popular vote by less than 39,000 ballots and took 99 Electoral College votes. John Quincy Adams secured 84, William Crawford won 41, and Henry Clay had 37.
  • Clay, with the least votes, got the boot, and his supporters shifted their support to Adams, who would go on to win the majority of the House vote.

After his inauguration, Adams selected Clay as his secretary of state. Jackson accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."

1860: Nation divided

The 1860 election was notable because it ripped the long-dominant Party (and nation) in half.

  • The Democrats were unable at their 1860 convention to establish an official party line on slavery.
  • At a second convention that year, the Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, but many Southerners in the party selected Breckinridge as their man. Both would claim to be the official Democratic candidate.
  • Lincoln snared 40% of the popular vote but took most of the North in the Electoral College.
  • Douglas was second in the popular vote but took only Missouri.
  • Breckenridge took most of the South.
  • Bell's middle of the road policies earned him the middle of the road.

In 1861, delegates from South Carolina, and six of the Southern states formed the Confederate States of America and selected Jefferson Davis as their president.

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